Ski and snowboard glossary

Ski and snowboard glossary



Speaking of winter sports, you can’t miss skiing and snowboarding.

Gliding down a snowy field feels very good, and is the perfect sport to relieve stress and refresh yourself.


For those who want to learn more about skiing and snowboarding or who want to make it a hobby.

Please take a look at the list of terms related to skiing and snowboarding.

I think you can clearly see that it’s not just a simple sport of sliding on snow.


ice burn

This refers to the state in which the snow surface is covered with ice.


outside edge

The metal parts attached to both sides of the ski, which are located on the outside of the body.



Refers to the act of climbing a slope or climbing a hill.



This is a term used to describe a pre-movement in the direction of a turn.


inside edge

The metal part attached to both sides of the ski, which is located inside the body.


inner glove

A thin glove that is worn under thick gloves to allow easy hand movement.



Refers to the metal parts on both sides of the ski.


open stance

This refers to a situation where the skis are wider than the width of the hips.


off piste

Refers to areas other than the courses set at ski resorts.



When viewed from the ski board, the body is facing outward, and when viewed from the ground, the body is tilted outward.



It mainly refers to the act of putting your weight on the ski when making a turn.



This refers to bending over to reduce air resistance.



It is a general term for hard road surfaces including ice burns, and is a term that refers to hard conditions.



It refers to thick gloves for gripping the pole, and sometimes an inner glove is also worn inside.



This term refers to the state in which the ski and your body weight intersect during a turn.


ski slope

It means land in German, and generally refers to ski resorts.


backward leaning

This mainly refers to a situation where the weight is transferred to the back while skating.



Developed by W. L. Gore & Associates, Co., LTD, this material is used in many types of clothing because it is impermeable to water and wind, but allows moisture to escape.


backward leaning

This refers to a condition in which the center of gravity of the body leans backwards while skiing.



This refers to the phenomenon in which the top (front) of the ski opens in a V-shape, and is sometimes called a skieren.



This refers to the act of sliding down a slope while crossing it, and the opposite is straight downhill.


stem turn

This refers to the technique of making a turn with the skis shaped like a square when viewed from the direction of travel.



This is the act of adjusting the braking by opening the tail of the ski into an inverted V shape, and is also simply called a stem.



It is also called a stem turn, which refers to a series of movements in which you perform a stem, then turn, and then open your legs and align them after the rotation.



A term that refers to the marks and shapes left behind after skiing.



Refers to two long thin boards used for skiing.



Refers to the act of moving the skis back and forth on flat ground as if skating.



Also called poles, these are two sticks that are held in both hands to control direction when skiing.



The bar attached to the binding serves to prevent the board from slipping.



Refers to a rope that prevents you from letting go when you grab a pole.


Leveling the ground

It refers to a well-prepared snow path or surface.


Forward tilt

This refers to the state in which the center of gravity of the body is in the front when sliding.



Refers to the sliding surface or sliding part of a ski.



Refers to the action of changing direction while gliding.



Refers to the skier’s feet that are in contact with the valley (slope side) facing the direction of travel.


Straight downhill

This refers to sliding down a slope in a straight line, and there is a concept that contrasts with this: slope downhill.



The term refers to the rear part of the ski, and the top refers to the front part of the ski.



Refers to the act of skiing following another skier.


internal rotation

This refers to a position in which the knees are twisted inward to the body and wrapped around the pivot leg.


natural stance

This refers to the state in which your legs are spread apart to about the width of your hips when you put on your skis.


half helmet

A helmet designed to protect the head that does not cover the face.


powder snow

It refers to smooth powder snow without ice.



This refers to skiing on a course other than the one set by the ski resort.


badge test

This refers to a test established by the Japan Ski Association as an alpine skiing ability test.



This term refers to the condition in which the top and tail of the ski are approximately the same width.



A German word that refers to a ski resort course.



A device for connecting skis and boots.



Refers to a device that fits the foot to attach to the ski.


fall line

This refers to the point at a ski resort where you can ski downhill at the fastest speed.



This is a technique of skiing downhill with the tops together and the tails shaped like a dovetail.


full helmet

It refers to a helmet that covers not only the head but the entire face.



This refers to a skiing technique in which the tips of the feet are brought together, the backs are spread apart, and the skiers make turns while forming a V-shape.



A pole is a stick held in each hand to control direction when skiing, and is also called a ski pole.



Refers to clothing worn between outerwear and underwear.


mountain foot

This refers to the feet that are facing the direction of travel and are touching the mountain side.


Snow quality

This refers to the condition of the snow where you are skiing, whether it is hard or soft, and whether it provides cushioning.


walking sideways

Generally speaking, it refers to walking sideways, but in contexts such as mountain climbing or skiing, it can refer to climbing with an edge toward the side of a mountain.


skidding sideways

Refers to the technique of skiing downhill while tilting the skis at 90 degrees to the slope.



It’s a two-person vehicle that takes you to high places, and some people find it scary.


long turn

Refers to the technique of skiing that makes a turn with a large bulge.


wide stance

This refers to the basic position when skiing, etc., with your arms spread out to shoulder width.



It is a paint that is applied to the bottom of skis to improve skiing, and at the same time, it also serves to prevent rust.


At the end



How did you like the ski and snowboard glossary?


If you have never looked up terminology, you will probably come across many words and terms that you do not know.


However, as I mentioned at the beginning, skiing and snowboarding are great sports for relieving stress!

You can have fun skating even if you don’t know the terminology.

When the snow piles up, please carry your board and enjoy skiing or snowboarding.


Let’s enjoy!


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