Karate is a traditional Japanese martial art that trains the body and mind, and its history and culture have been passed down from ancient times.

This glossary provides a wide range of explanations regarding karate, from basic terms to specialized expressions.

We provide useful information for everyone interested in karate, from beginners to experts.




A line


Around (around)

around the opponent. Be aware of your opponent’s attack range and distance.


Agedama (Agedama)

A title given to those who have won a karate competition.


give (give)

A technique that throws the opponent upwards.


Aburidashi (Aburidashi)

A striking technique that attacks the opponent by breaking their stance.


Ama (Ama)

palm of the hand.


Steps (Ayumi)

Move your feet and move forward. Basic walking movements.



A stable mind, a calm mind.


Monkfish (Monkfish)

Have a strong posture and parry attacks.


Anrin (Anrin)

Feeling safe and secure.


Anroku (Anroku)

Good visibility, accurate outlook.


Anrokuken (Anrokuken)

Being able to widen your field of vision and make accurate attacks.


Anrokujouge (Anrokujouge)

Expand your horizons and stabilize your mind.


Anrokushin (Anrokushin)

A heart that expands your horizons and stabilizes your mind.


lively (lively)

He looks energetic and full of energy.


Ikedatami (Ikedatami)

A state of physical exhaustion and exhaustion.


Iketake (Iketake)

He seems to be full of physical strength and energy.


Igen (Igen)

slow movements and breathing.


It’s time

A greeting that means a duel or battle.


Isa (Isa)

Thrust technique.


Invitation (Invitation)

The act of provoking someone to attack.


Ishizue (Ishizue)



Ishin (Ishin)

Will, consciousness.


Izen (Izen)

Before, a long time ago.


Izogi (Izogi)

Fighting spirit, spirit.


Damaged (damaged)

Body pain and suffering.


Ichii (Ichii)

One by one, one by one.


One by one (one by one)

One by one, one by one.


Ukinawa (Ukinawa)

A floating rope, a rope tied around the waist.


receive (receive)

Perform a receiving action.


Ukezu (Ukezu)

How to receive it, passively.


Ukenawa (Ukenawa)

A rope tied around the waist.


Ukenoi (Ukenoi)

Uke position, passive posture.


receive (receive)

Be passive, receive.


Ugoke (Ugoke)

Move, take action.


Moving (moving)

movement, action.


Moving (moving)

movement, action.


Uchi (Uchi)

to hit, to attack.


Uchiuke (Uchiuke)

To receive a blow and receive an attack.


Dodge the Uchi (Dodge the Uchi)

To evade or parry an attack.


Uchikiri (Uchikiri)

One blow, one attack.


Uchigusuri (Uchigusuri)

Medicine, ring finger.


Eriuchi (Eriuchi)

Hitting the neck, attacking the neck.


Enzetsu (Enzetsu)

Enzetsu, attacking an opponent in a circular motion.


Enzan (enzan)

Circle slash, a circular slash.


Engi (Engi)

Circle technique, a technique that moves in a circular motion.


Engeki (Engeki)

A circular blow, a circular blow.


Green beans (Green beans)

Enbara, to control the opponent in the shape of a circle.


Green beans (Green beans)

Far source, attack from a distance.


Enko (Enko)

Surrounding your opponent with smoke.


Enju (Enju)

Cylindrical, cylinder-like shape.


Enjiri (Enjiri)

Circular buttocks, making the movement of the hips circular.


Enshu (Enshu)

Circle hands, circular hand movements.


Enjo (Enjo)

In flames, in a state where the heart is on fire.


Ensen (Ensen)

Fire battle, fierce battle.


Enzen (Enzen)

In front of a circle, a movement that draws a circle forward.


Enso (Enso)

Circular motion, circular motion.


Oiki (Oiki)

He is alive, healthy and healthy.


Oueki (Oueki)

Counterattack, an attack that returns an opponent’s attack.


Ohgi (Ohgi)

Fan, fan. The shape of a furibori.


Ohgi (Ohgi)

O-waza, a technique that responds to an opponent’s technique.


Oushoku (Oushoku)

Attitude and response to an opponent’s attack.


Ouji (Ouji)

to react to an opponent’s actions or attacks.


Ousei (Ousei)

Responding to someone’s voice or calling.


Ouzou (Ouzou)

Responding to images, responding to the opponent’s actions and attacks.


Oute (Oute)

Oite, the movement of the hand in response to an opponent’s attack.


Ouryoku (Ouryoku)

Stress, applying force against an opponent’s attack.


Ouren (Ouren)

Training, training how to respond to your opponent’s techniques.


Owa (Ouwa)

Owa, adjusting to the opponent’s attacks and movements.



ka line


Kaigei (Kaigei)

To respond passively to an opponent’s attack.


Kaishi (Kaishi)

To begin with a new beginning, correction, or improvement.


Kaishin (Kaishin)

conversion, to change one’s heart.



Turning your head, turning your body to avoid an opponent’s attack.


Kaicho (Kaichou)

Ileum, part of the intestine.


Kainin (Kainin)

Be open-minded and respond with an open heart.


Kaiba (Kaiba)

To move around the place, to move around from place to place.


Kaiho (kaiho)

Liberation, to be free from bondage.


Kaimen (Kaimen)

To look at the other person with an open face.


Kaiyou (Kaiyou)

Repurposing, repurposing something.


Kaiwa (Kaiwa)

Circulation, dialogue and conversation with the other person.


Kaiwa (Kaiwa)

Comfortable, willing to accept.


Kain (Kain)

Huiyin, turning the shadow behind.


Kiai (kiai)

Expresses spirit, energy and will.


Kiage (Kiage)

To get up and stand up.


Kiage making (Kiage making)

Practice getting up and standing up.


Kiatori (Kitori)

Being aware of your opponent’s attacks and movements.


Kiichō (Kiichou)

He seems to be very enthusiastic.



Nobility, elegance or dignity.


Kiiri (Kiri)

The size of the vessel, the size of the heart and attitude.


Kiun (Kiun)

Mood, atmosphere and atmosphere.


Kioku (kioku)

Memories, memories.


Kiokucho (Kiokucho)

Memory book, record or memory notebook.


Things to keep (things to keep)

A memorizer, a person with an excellent memory.


Kiokuryoku (Kiokuryoku)

Memory, the ability to remember things.


Kiokurenshu (Kiokurenshu)

Memory exercises, exercises to train your memory.


Kubiwa (Kubiwa)

A collar, something worn around the neck.


Kuni (Kuni)

Country, nation.


Kunihi (Kunichi)

National bee, national symbol.


Kunizaru (Kunizaru)

The ruler of the country.


Kunibito (Kunibito)

national, resident of a country.


Kuniburi (Kuniburi)

National control, national control.


Neck (neck)

Neck, neck.


neck (neck)

Suffering, painful.


Kubizu (Kubizu)

Move your neck.


Kubisu (kubisu)

Stick out your neck, expose your neck.


Hard to get a neck (hard to get a neck)

Stiff neck, tightens the neck.


neck (neck)

Tie your neck, strangle your neck.


constriction (constriction)

Neck tightening, constriction around the neck.



A type of thrusting technique with the shoulders crossed.


knot (kemuri)

How to attack with the tip of your fist.



It is used in the sense of training and polishing techniques and the body.



to kick.


kick up

The action of continuing your own kick after blocking your opponent’s lower kick.


Kicking bag

A bag-shaped object for practicing kicking.


Kick-in (Kerikomi)

To kick in response to an opponent’s attack.



Concentrating energy from outside to inside the body.



To kick to a high position.


Kage (kage)

To kick an opponent’s body.



A technique in which you hit your opponent with a hand sword.



Check, a technique that cuts the body.



Breathing, exhaling.


Kokyuhou (Koukyuhou)

Breathing techniques, the correct way to breathe.


Kougeri (Kougeri)

to retreat, to step back.


Kougeriguri (Kougeriguri)

A cutting technique with a hand sword while stepping back.


Kousa (Kousa)

Pulpit, pulpit.


Kosha (Kousha)

The latter, the latter.


Kosho (Kousho)

posterity, person born after.


Kosho (Kousho)

negotiation, discussion.



A state in which the fingers of the hand are bent and grasped. Used for blows and thrusts.



Sa line



About the left side.


Left middle row

Attack on the left side at mid-body height.


left hand (now)

left hand.


Lower left row (Sagedan)

Attack on the left side of the lower body.


Saza on the left

Sitting on the left.


Left room (Sazashiki)

Lay out the left seat in the guest room.


Left side (Samen)

the left side.


left foot

left foot.


Upper left row (Sajodan)

Attack on the left side of the upper body.


Left line (Sasen)

the left line.



A type of plant.



name of the place.


Shikazue (staghorn cane)

Weapon name.


Between the vacuum

A state in which you are unable to be attacked by your opponent while you are within range. Have an accurate sense of distance.


Susugekake (Susugekake)

To attack an opponent with your bare hands.


Awesome (awesome)

To attack an opponent with your bare hands.


Sunahachi (Sunahachi)

Sand bee, one of the techniques of the hand sword.


Sunetsuki (Sunetsuki)

A technique in which you slam your knee into your opponent.


Slip (Slip)

slipping, slipping.


Suriya (Suriya)

A skater, a person who is good at skating.


straight fist punch

A technique in which the hand is made into a fist and thrust forward forcefully, and is used for attacks or to throw the opponent off balance.


Sen (line)

In karate, a word that refers to the direction or line of attack or defense. An important concept for effectively performing techniques and controlling the opponent’s movements.


Senkan (senkan)

 To launch an attack before your opponent. By taking the lead in attacking, you can restrict your opponent’s movements and gain an advantage.


Senkanteki (preemptive)

Refers to pre-emptive tactics and movements in which an attack is carried out first.


Senkan Drill (Senkan Drill)

Training to practice pre-emptive strikes. A practice method that emphasizes attacking first without following the opponent’s movements.


Senkan Waza (Senkan Waza)

Techniques for conducting pre-emptive attacks. A technique used to quickly launch an attack without being attacked by the opponent.


Sengeri (turning kick)

A kicking technique performed while rotating the body. The power and speed of the kick can be increased by rotation.


Sengeriwaza (turning kick technique)

Techniques and techniques centered on turning kicks. Various variations and applications exist.


Sochi (running)

To force the body to step forward in the movement of the legs. Especially used when moving forward or backward.


Souchiuchi (running hit)

 A running technique. Usually done to break through the guard.


Souchigeri (running kick)

A running kick technique. It is delivered with both speed and force.


Sochiuezashi (Running thrust)

Run in and hit the top. Used to break the opponent’s guard.


Souchi Geriwaza (running kick technique)

Training and techniques related to the techniques and applications of running kicks.


Souchi drill (running drill)

Training that focuses on practicing techniques while running.


Souchi geriri (running kick)

 A form of attack that combines running and kicking techniques.


Souchitobi (running and flying)

Jumping technique while running. Used for surprise attacks and to increase power.



An action that rotates the body outward. Applied to attacks and passives.



ta line


Tai leopard (opposite)

A state where you have an opponent. A state where you grab your opponent, like in judo.


Tairyoku (physical strength)

physical endurance and endurance. It is used during long practice sessions and matches.



Points in the vertical direction. One of the stances or postures, it means keeping the body vertical.


Tatewaza (standing technique)

A technique performed while standing. This includes kicking, punching, and throwing techniques.


Tatsu (standing)

To stand. During practice and games, players are required to stand up from a variety of positions.


Tatsui (standing)

A stance for an opponent’s technique while standing. Preparation posture for attack or defense.


Tatewaza (standing technique)

A technique performed while standing. This includes kicking, punching, and throwing techniques.


Tatsukage (standing)

A technique to attack a standing opponent by grabbing their legs. It is also used as an introduction to throwing techniques.


Tatsu (standing)

To stand up. You are required to recover from your opponent’s attacks and thrusts.



The force exerted by tensing the muscles of the body. It is an important element in the technique of karate, allowing precise execution of techniques and powerful blows.


Power (power)

To sense the direction and strength of the opponent’s force. A sense of how to use the momentum and power of an opponent’s techniques to suppress them.


Chikarami Waza (Power Miwaza)

A technique that allows you to sense your opponent’s strength and perform techniques accordingly. Increase the effectiveness of your techniques by controlling your opponent’s power.


Chikarayose (powerful force)

Use the power of another person to create an advantageous situation for yourself. Rather than parrying the opponent’s power, he uses that power to move into attacks and throwing techniques.


Chigiri (ground cut)

The action of kicking the floor or ground and using the reaction to perform a technique. It is especially used in throwing and kicking techniques.


Chugeki (medium attack)

A blow delivered toward the center of the opponent’s body. An attack that comes directly towards the center line of the body.


Tsuki (thrust)

A technique where you make your hands into fists and thrust them forward. A basic technique used to attack or throw the opponent off balance.


Tsukiuchi (thrust)

 A blow from a thrusting technique. Attack by thrusting your fist at the opponent.


Tsukiuchiwaza (thrust technique)

 Techniques and applications centered on thrusting techniques. Techniques for practicing and applying various types of thrusts.


Tsukiwaza (thrust technique)

A technique or technique that focuses on thrusting. It includes everything from basic true fist punches to various curveballs and advanced techniques.


Tsuki drill (thrust drill)

Training that focuses on practicing thrust techniques. It is used to improve the accuracy and speed of basic thrusting techniques.


Tsukitsuki (push)

To deliver thrusts continuously. An attack method that emphasizes speed and continuity.


Tsukigeri (thrust kick)

A technique that combines punching and kicking techniques. Used to confuse the opponent.


Tsukitsuki (push)

To deliver thrusts continuously. An attack method that emphasizes speed and continuity.


Tsukiuezashi (thrust thrust)

A thrusting technique performed from the bottom upwards. Used to break down the opponent’s guard.


Tsukiuchi (thrust)

A blow from a thrusting technique. Attack by thrusting your fist at the opponent.


Te (hand)

 Refers to upper limbs such as arms and wrists. In karate, emphasis is placed on techniques and how to use the hands, which are the basis of technique.


Tegatana (bill)

hand shape. The exact shape and use of the hand has a great impact on the power and effectiveness of the technique.


Tega Tanawaza (handprint technique)

Techniques related to hand shape and usage. Important training to learn correct hand usage and shape.


Lever (wrist)

wrist. This is an important part of the wrist, as how you use and move it affects the power and effectiveness of techniques.


Tetsu (hand bone)

bones of the hand. When it comes to techniques and how you use your hands, the strength and shape of your bones affect the effectiveness of your techniques.


Tetsuki (hand thrust)

A manual thrusting technique. It is mainly performed using fists.


Teuchi (handmade)

Manual blow. A striking technique that mainly uses the soles of the palms and fists.


Teri (handy)

Benefits and effects obtained by hand techniques and how they are used.


hand crank

The action of rotating the body using the hands. Used for attack and evasion.


iron sand

A cloth bag containing sand, pebbles, etc. It is used for physical training and batting training.


Tenshin (transformed)

Rotate your body to change direction. It is used to attack by moving to the side or rear of the opponent.


Tobi (flying)

to jump into the air. Used for jumping techniques and surprise attacks.


Tobiuezashi (jumping thrust)

A jumping thrust technique. Surprise your opponent with attacks from a high position.


Tobiuezashiwaza (jumping thrust technique)

Techniques and applications of jumping thrusts. An important element when aiming to acquire advanced technology.


Tobiuchi (jumping)

A jumping attack technique. Performs kicks and strikes while flying.


Diving (jumping)

The action of jumping and approaching an opponent. Used for attacks and throwing techniques.


Diving Kumite (Diving Kumite)

A training style in which you perform kumite while jumping and approaching your opponent.


Jumping technique (flying technique)

A technique performed by jumping. This includes jumping kicks and jumping roundhouse kicks.


Tobitsuki (jumping)

A jumping thrust technique. Overwhelm the opponent with attacks from a high position.


Tobitsukiwaza (jumping technique)

Techniques and applications of jumping techniques. Training to acquire advanced techniques.


Tobidrill (flying drill)

Training that focuses on practicing flying techniques.


Tobiwaza (flying technique)

A technique for performing tricks in the air. Includes flying kicks and flying attacks.


Na line


Nagashi (sink)

To parry a technique or attack. A technique that uses the power of the other person to gain advantage.


Nagashiuchi (nagashiuchi)

 A technique of parrying the opponent’s attacks while delivering blows.


Nage (throw)

Techniques for throwing opponents. It is used to knock the opponent off balance and subdue him.


Nageuchi (throwing)

A blow from a throwing technique. A technique in which you strike at the same time when throwing.


Nagewaza (throwing technique)

A general term for techniques and techniques for throwing opponents.


Nawabi (rope pulling)

A technique that restricts the opponent’s movements by intertwining their arms and wrists with their opponent.


Nawabiwaza (rope pulling technique)

A general term for techniques and techniques that restrict an opponent’s movements.


Nawabigae (rope exchange)

A technique in which you take advantage of your opponent’s attacks and movements and use that power against yourself.


Nawabigaewaza (rope exchange technique)

Training and techniques related to rope changing techniques and applications.


Nige (escape)

Avoid your opponent’s attacks and techniques. Protect yourself by moving quickly and escaping attacks.


Nigewaza (escape technique)

Techniques for avoiding your opponent’s attacks and techniques. Avoid attacks by dodging and aim for the opponent’s counterattack.


Niwa (garden)

A karate dojo or training ground. It has the meaning of being a place for training.


Nigao (Kuoi)

To overwhelm the opponent by launching your own attacks even while being attacked. Parry the opponent’s attack and perform your own attack.


Nigaowaza (Kuoiwaza)

Techniques and tactics for launching your own attacks while being attacked. Parry the opponent’s attacks and perform your own techniques.


Nigaomi (Kuoishin)

To overwhelm the opponent by launching your own attacks even while being attacked. Parry the opponent’s attack and perform your own attack.


Nuki (without)

To quickly pull out your technique or body from an opponent’s attack. Evade an opponent’s attack by quickly withdrawing while being attacked.


Nukiwaza (Nukiwaza)

A technique used to protect oneself from an opponent’s attack. Quickly dodge the opponent’s attacks and launch your own attacks.


Nekoashi (cat foot)

An expression that refers to light movements and footwork. Used when performing quick and agile movements.


Negao (turning over)

The act of getting up from lying on the ground. Standing up from the ground after being attacked by an opponent.


Negaowaza (turning over technique)

Movements and techniques for getting up from a state of falling to the ground. Used after being attacked by an opponent.


screw (twist)

Performing techniques by twisting the body. While parrying the opponent’s attack, he counterattacks by adding a twist.


Nejiwaza (twisting technique)

A technique that uses body twisting. Even while receiving the opponent’s attack, he twists and performs techniques.


Nokori (remaining)

The last part of the technique and the rest of the movement. It is important to maintain the posture even after completing the technique and connect it to the next movement.


Nokoriuchi (remaining shots)

The blow at the end of the technique. By striking at the end of a technique, the power of the technique is increased.


Nokoriwaza (remaining techniques)

Techniques and applications in the final part of the technique. A technique for maintaining posture even after completing a technique and connecting it to the next movement.


Nori (ride)

A state in which a technique or attack has a strong effect on the opponent. You can use your opponent’s reaction and movement to connect to your next move.


Noriawase (shared ride)

Taking advantage of an opponent’s attacks and movements to perform your own attacks and techniques. Control your opponent by performing techniques that match your opponent’s movements.


Noriawa Sewaza (riding technique)

Techniques and tactics that take advantage of the opponent’s attacks and movements to unleash your own attacks and techniques. Control your opponent by performing techniques that match your opponent’s movements.



is line




Refers to a school or style of karate.



Techniques used to demonstrate power. It means to concentrate and release power.



A point where force is exerted from a specific part of the body. Usually refers to the fist or part of the foot.



Techniques and methods for effectively exerting power.



Beginner level. A rank awarded to those who have mastered basic techniques.


Break (Ha)

The use of force in attack or defense.



Techniques and methods to break down your opponent’s attacks.


Barefoot Dojo

A dojo where you practice barefoot. Emphasis on training with one’s feet on the ground.


Barefoot practice (Barefoot Keiko)

Practice barefoot. Refine your skills while experiencing the feel of the ground directly.


Barefoot style

A kata performed barefoot. Emphasizes actions with one’s feet on the ground.


Barefoot training clothes (barefoot training clothes)

Training clothes worn barefoot. Unlike regular karate uniforms, the soles of the feet are exposed.


Barefoot Kumite (Barefoot Kumite)

A form of kumite performed barefoot. Perform grappling with your opponent while feeling the ground directly.


barefoot match

A format of matches played barefoot. Emphasizes technique and physical ability.



The beginning of a movement or technique.



Actions to demonstrate strength.



Specific points for demonstrating power.



Techniques and methods for effectively exerting power.


Non-contact practice (Takeko Hisesshokuga)

A form of practice in which techniques are practiced without contact. Conduct mock attacks and defenses.


Non-contact match

A match format in which skills are competed without contact with the opponent. Speed ​​and accuracy of technique are important.


Fudo no kamae (fudo no kamae)

Keep your body stable and don’t move. Wait quietly for your opponent’s movements.


Fudo no Kokoro (Fudou no Kokoro)

An unmoving state of mind. A state of mind that is unwavering even under the opponent’s attacks.



A state of no mental turmoil. A calm and stable mindset.


Fixed point

A point that doesn’t move. Parts of the body that are conscious of maintaining balance.


Misfire point (Fuhatsuten)

The point is that the technique is not effectively demonstrated. Be conscious of this in order to maximize the power of the technique.


Take (bu)

About martial arts. Acquire the spirit and techniques of martial arts.


The Way of Martial Arts

The way of martial arts. Moral and spiritual aspects of martial arts training.



Morality in martial arts. A concept that emphasizes etiquette and spiritual training.


martial arts (grape)

Train your martial arts and aim to train your body and mind.


Martial artist (Budouka)

A person who practices martial arts. A person who pursues the philosophy and techniques of martial arts.


Spirit of Martial Arts

Spirit in martial arts. Includes perseverance, determination, and tenacity.


side (hen)

side of the body. Used for attack and defense.


Ayumu (ho)

Basic movements for moving. The direction and speed of movement are important.


Stride length (hohaba)

The distance of a step. Important for adjusting the sense of distance for attack and defense.


How to walk (hoho)

Techniques for how to move your feet and walk. Important for maintaining balance and stability.


Walking practice (Hoho Keiko)

Training that focuses on leg movements. Aim to learn basic walking techniques.


Hoho Kumite (Hoho Kumite)

A form of kumite that emphasizes foot movement. Practice moving forward while avoiding your opponent’s attacks.



A person who has walking skills. He is expected to have excellent foot movement and balance.



direction. Specify the direction of attack or movement.


Change of direction (epilepsy)

To change the direction of movement or attack. Perform according to the opponent’s movements.



methods and techniques. How to perform a particular movement or technique.


Hokumite (Hokumite)

Kumite is performed based on set procedures and rules. Practice applying techniques and working together.



To release. An action that releases strength and skill.


Toss (horinage)

A technique in which you grab your opponent and throw them. A type of throwing technique that uses the body.



Ma line


between (ma)

Paise and timing in karate matches and practices. Refers to the sense of distance from the other person.


distance (good)

distance and positional relationship with the other person. Become conscious for attack or defense.


Making time (Maaidori)

Adjust the distance between you and your opponent. Important for fighting with proper spacing.


Maaiwaza (Maiwawaza)

A technique that takes advantage of the distance between you and your opponent. used at the right time.


end (matsu)

end. The final part of a technique or movement.


Suehiro (Mappadaka)

The final part of a movement or technique. A state in which you can maximize your potential.


Final technique (matsuwaza)

The last part of the technique. It is considered important in order to increase the power and effectiveness of techniques.


Suehiro technique (Mappada Kawaza)

The final movement of the technique. One of the elements that indicates the strength and speed of a technique.



An action that rotates the body. Used for attack and defense.


Round kick (Mawashigeri)

A technique of kicking while rotating the body. Used when attacking an opponent.


arranged marriage (miai)

How to make eye contact with the other person. Important for reading your opponent’s movements.



Being able to see through your opponent’s movements and attacks. Accurate reactions and judgment are required.



A technique that allows you to see through your opponent’s attacks and use them. Accurate timing is required.



Stop halfway through the technique. Care must be taken to avoid causing injury to the other person.


Lesser hand kumite (mimante kumite)

A form of kumite that stops halfway through the technique. This is done with consideration to skill practice and safety.


Miman Teiawase

Practice matching halfway through the technique. It is performed to develop the accuracy of techniques and reflex speed.


Mikiri Kumite

Kumite is a type of kumite that involves seeing through the opponent’s attacks. Accurate judgment and quick reactions are required.


Ascertainment (ascertainment)

Judging the opponent’s ability and technique. Ability to see through opponents and situations.


Discernment technique (discernment technique)

A technique that involves assessing the opponent’s abilities and movements. The purpose is to exploit the opponent’s weaknesses.


Discerning Kumite

Training to perform kumite while assessing the opponent’s ability and movements. Develop accurate judgment.



A person who learns the techniques and attitudes of advanced players and seniors. An attitude of learning from role models.


Apprentice Kumite (Minairaikumite)

Kumite is performed in partnership with a senior master or role model. The purpose is to learn techniques and posture.


postponement (miawase)

Adjust your actions by observing the movements and state of your opponent. wait for the other person’s reaction.


Nothing (mu)

The state of emptiness in karate. Represents a mindless state of mind.



A state where you empty your mind and deal with everything honestly. Refers to a state of calmness and concentration.


Mushin Kumite (Mushin Kumite)

Training to perform kumite with an empty mind in response to an opponent’s attack. Cultivate calmness and concentration.


impossible technique (impossible technique)

Techniques that place unreasonable strain on the body. This can easily cause injury.


Invincible heart (Muteki no Kokoro)

Feeling invincible. A state of mind that is confident and free of fear and anxiety.


Undefeated (Muhai)

Don’t lose. To never be defeated in a competition or match.


Undefeated record (Muhai no Kiroku)

A record of never losing a match or competition.


Undefeated Champion (Muhaino Champion)

A champion who never loses. Demonstrates absolute strength.


eye movement

eye movements. An important element in determining the opponent’s movements.


Follow with your eyes (congratulations)

Follow your opponent’s movements with your eyes. The ability necessary to make accurate reactions and judgments.


Attack with your eyes (congratulations)

Intimidate your opponent with your eyes. Techniques for putting pressure on your opponent.



Model behavior and behavior. Ideal postures and techniques that should be emulated by others.


Model karateka (Mohankarateka)

A role model karateka. A person with excellent skills and mental strength who can be emulated by others.


Model Kumite (Mohan Kumite)

A model kumite form. Demonstrates a fighting style that serves as an example of skill and mental strength.


Model match

Model match format. Demonstrate how to fight in a manner that serves as a model for techniques and tactics.


Model Dojo

A model dojo. Demonstrate attitudes and techniques that should be modeled by instructors and students.


Model leader

A role model leader. He has excellent skills and mental strength, and is a role model for others.


Model behavior

Model behavior and behavior. An exemplary behavior that should be emulated by others.


Model instructor

A model instructor. He has excellent technical and leadership skills and is a role model for his students.


become a role model

Being emulated by others. Demonstrate ideal posture and technique.



Ya line


Break (Yaburi)

To break the opponent’s defense.


Breaking Kumite (Yaburi Kumite)

Training to perform kumite while breaking the opponent’s defense.


Breaker (Yaburite)

A person who has the skills to break through the opponent’s defenses.


Courage (Yuki)

How to have the mindset to act without fear. Important for facing difficulties.


Brave (Yukan)

Be courageous and act boldly. Show strength in the face of difficulties.


Easy movement

A movement made with plenty of time. Demonstrates the completeness of a technique or movement.


A relaxed attitude

A relaxed attitude. Expresses confidence and calmness.


Comfortable Kumite

Kumite is performed with plenty of time to spare. Demonstrates high level of technique and tactics.



Ra line


Naked Kumite (Rakumite)

A form of kumite performed with bare hands. Rather than using armor, the focus is on the accuracy and effectiveness of techniques.


Bare hands (Rate)

bare hands. Using hands directly without using armor or weapons.



advantage or profit. Take advantage of technical and tactical advantages.



Ideas and principles. Fundamental theory of techniques and tactics.



Theoretical rationality of techniques and tactics. Reasonable effects of techniques and actions.


Philosophy (linen)

basic beliefs and ideals. Goals and policies for karate training.


School (Ryuha)

A school of martial arts or karate. A lineage based on a particular leader or tradition.


Flowing movement

Smooth and flowing movements. Demonstrates technical perfection.



Flexible and changeable nature. It refers to the flow and changes in the movements and techniques of karate.


courtesy (reigi)

Etiquette at a karate dojo or practice. It is considered important as a sign of respect for your opponent and instructor.


Etiquette (reigi sahou)

Basic etiquette in karate training. Show respect for others and instructors.


Etiquette (reiho)

Etiquette in karate training. It is done as an expression of respect for the opponent or the leader.



Etiquette during karate training and matches. Behavior that shows respect for others and leaders.


Follow etiquette (follow etiquette)

Obeying etiquette in karate training and competitions. Represents the spirit of karate.



Experienced teachers and instructors. A respected person with many years of experience in karate training.


Roshi’s guidance (Roshi no Shido)

Guidance from experienced instructors. Teachings based on years of training and experience.


Roshi’s teachings (Roshi’s teachings)

Taught by experienced instructors. Wisdom and techniques based on years of training and experience.


Roshi’s suggestion (Roushi no Shisa)

Suggestions from experienced instructors. Advice based on years of training and experience.


Alley techniques (rojiwaza)

Secret tricks and hidden techniques used in karate techniques. Take advantage of your opponent’s unexpected movements.


Alley method

Secret tricks and special methods used in karate techniques. Expand the scope of application of techniques.


Alley tactics

Secret techniques and special tactics used in karate kumite and competitions. Perform attacks or defenses that your opponent doesn’t expect.


Alley Kumite

Secret tricks and special tactics used in karate kumite. Showing the unexpectedness and effectiveness of the technique.



Wa line


Wa (wa)

Harmony and peace in karate training. Refers to a stable state of technique and mind.


The spirit of harmony

The spirit of harmony in karate training. Emphasis on technology and mental stability.


The heart of peace

The spirit of harmony in karate training. Value harmony with the other person and the situation.


Japanese techniques (Wa no Waza)

A technique that emphasizes harmony among karate techniques. Refers to effective techniques that eliminate waste of power.


Disturb the peace (disturb the peace)

Disturbing the harmony in karate training or competition. Engaging in violent behavior or aggression.


Japanese spirit (Wanoki)

The spirit of harmony in karate training. It refers to the stability and balance of the mind within technology.


With peace (with me)

To act in harmony in karate training and competitions. Have a calm mind and value harmony with others.


Bringing back peace (bringing back my senses)

To regain the harmony lost in karate training and competitions. Make calm decisions and actions.


Wari (wari)

To cut something with force or skill.



At the end

We hope that this glossary has helped you to better understand karate.

Karate is a valuable martial art that promotes not only physical strength and technical growth, but also mental growth.

If you are interested, please visit a dojo or club to learn directly and experience personal growth and improvement.


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