Chess Glossary


Chess is a board game that is popular all over the world.

The game has simple rules and is easy to start even for beginners.

It is very deep, and there are various tactics and strategies depending on the person.

It’s a game you can enjoy even in your spare time.


That’s chess though

I think most people know about the rules.

Many people seem to have never heard of the detailed terminology.


Here is a brief summary of chess terms.

If you want to get better…

Please make use of this glossary of chess terms.




isolated pawn

An isolated pawn that is not supported by other pawns.

This can be a strategic weakness, but if used properly it can also be a launching pad for attacks.

What’s interesting is that while it’s a weakness, it can also be seen by some players as a powerful offensive resource.


united states chess league

A league in which professional and amateur chess teams compete in the United States.

It is characterized by team competition, and is contributing to the spread of chess and the improvement of the level of competition.

This league format is appealing because it makes chess a more social activity.


United States Chess Federation

An organization that promotes the spread and development of chess in America. It holds tournaments, ranks players, and promotes chess education.

I believe that chess plays a major role in building a community and fostering a culture of intellectual competition.



A special move that a pawn can take under certain conditions.

It can be taken by passing through an enemy pawn in an adjacent row when it advances two spaces.

Although this rule is complex at first glance, it adds strategic depth to the game.


illegal move

Refers to illegal moves that violate the rules of the game.

Players who make such moves usually end up receiving a penalty.

It also has an educational aspect, teaching us the importance of following the rules.


international master

A title awarded by the International Chess Federation to players with a very high level of chess skill.

The process of aiming for this title is more than just a game, it is also a journey of self-growth.


Woman FIDE Master, Woman International Master, Woman Canda Date Master, Woman Grand Master

A different level of title awarded to female players.

These provide an opportunity for women to be active in the world of chess and showcase their talent.

I think it’s wonderful to have a system like this that celebrates talent and effort, regardless of gender.



This is a study to analyze specific positions in the final stages of chess.

Not only is it directly useful in actual combat, but it also helps train your strategic thinking.

A beautiful etude can feel like a work of art.


Ending/end game

The ending or endgame in chess refers to the final stage of the game, when only a small number of pieces remain on the board.

In this phase, strategy becomes more important than tactics, with king activity, piece placement, pawn structure, etc. determining victory or defeat.

Players often reassess the value of their pieces and leverage specific endgame knowledge to aim for victory.

This is the true essence of chess, and is often referred to as the “Dance of the King.”

Its beauty and complexity continue to fascinate many enthusiasts.


endgame study

Endgame studies are exercises for analyzing and understanding specific aspects and principles of endgames.

These are usually fictional situations with a specific theme or goal, in which players aim to find the optimal sequence.

Endgame Study is a learning tool that not only improves your practical application skills, but also allows you to appreciate the deep beauty of chess.

Endgame Study is like a puzzle that embodies the depth of chess.

In the process of solving, players develop numerous insights and creativity.



The opening in chess refers to the first few moves after the start of the game.

In this phase, the objective is to control the center of the board, deploy the pieces to advantageous positions, and ensure the safety of the king.

Many openings have unique names and reflect specific strategies and tactics.

The opening is an important stage that lays the foundation of the game.

Choosing the right opening strategy is the first step to victory.


open game

An open game is a type of opening in which the game progresses e4 and e5, and refers to a strategy in which both players advance their pawns to the center on the first move of the game.

This type of opening is intended to open up the board and increase the activity of the pieces.

Open games tend to create aggressive and dynamic situations.

Open games, as the name suggests, are appealing to players who like to open up their games.

You can expect a fierce battle where attack and defense intersect.


Game record

A chess record is a method of recording the steps of a chess game.

Descriptive game records are a type of game record that uses a combination of letters and numbers to record each move in detail.

This method is essential for reviewing, analyzing, and sharing games, and is also used to study historical matches and famous games.

Game records are like the language of chess, providing a way for players to interact across time.



Castling is a special move that repositions the king and rook at once, and is performed by a player to ensure the safety of the king and move the rook into an active position at the same time.

This move is only possible under certain conditions.

The moments when castling can dramatically change the flow of the game are moments where strategic insight shines.


canda date master

Candidate Master (CM) is a title awarded by the International Chess Federation (FIDE) and is an entry-level title for professional chess players.

This title is given to players who meet certain criteria and prove a certain level of ability in the world of chess.

Obtaining this title is an important milestone for many players.



Gambit is an opening strategy that involves sacrificing pawns or other pieces in the early stages to gain a better position or attack opportunity.

This strategy brings a dynamic twist to the game and aims to overwhelm your opponent.

Gambit is a strategy that shows that chess is more than just a game, it’s an art.



The king is the most important piece in the game of chess, and the purpose of the game is to checkmate your opponent.

The king must be defended throughout the game, and his movement is limited to the eight surrounding squares.

King safety is everything in the game. Each move determines victory or defeat.



The chess board is divided into two parts: the king side and the queen side.

The king side is the side of the board where the king is initially placed, and the queen side is the side where the queen is placed.

These divisions play an important role in strategic planning.

This division of the board offers endless possibilities for strategy.



The queen is the most powerful chess piece and can move any number of squares in any direction.

This piece is extremely valuable both offensively and defensively, and has the power to change the course of the game.

The queen’s power is overwhelming, and her single move can often change the fate of the game.


good bishop

A good bishop is one whose movement is not restricted by its own pawns.

Bishops in this state are more active on the board and play a larger role in attack and defense.

This is an example of how the position of the bishop adds depth to the game.


Grand Master

Grandmaster is the highest chess title awarded by the International Chess Federation (FIDE).

This title is given to the best players around the world and is a recognition of outstanding skill and achievement.

The title of Grandmaster is the ultimate honor in chess and is the culmination of hard work and dedication.


crazy house

Crazy house is one of the irregular rules of chess, and is characterized by a rule that allows you to rearrange captured pieces on the board as your own pieces at any time.

This game mode is more aggressive and unpredictable than traditional chess.

Crazy House greatly expands the range of creativity and tactics in chess.


close game

A closed game is a type of opening in chess that is characterized by a fixed pawn structure and limited movement of pieces.

Strategic planning and piece positioning are the keys to victory in this type of game.

Close games are like precision dances where strategy is more important than tactics.


cross pin

A cross pin is when one piece is attacking two important pieces at the same time.

This tactic is effective in forcing your opponent’s pieces into disadvantageous positions and gaining an advantage in the game.

Cross pins are moments that test your strategic acumen and put a lot of pressure on your opponent.


international chess federation

The International Chess Federation (FIDE) is the international organization that oversees chess worldwide, standardizing the rules of chess, awarding titles, and organizing international competitions.

FIDE plays an important role in promoting the spread and development of chess.


International Chess Federation title

The International Chess Federation (FIDE) awards various titles to professional chess players.

These include Grand Master (GM), International Master (IM), Fide Master (FM), and Canda Date Master (CM), each of which certifies a player’s ability and accomplishments.

These titles are awarded based on excellent performance in international chess tournaments.

These titles are the highest honors in chess and represent important milestones in a player’s career.



There are six types of pieces in chess, each with its own unique way of moving.

King, Queen, Rook, Bishop, Knight, and Pawn. The goal of the game is to checkmate your opponent’s king, and to achieve this goal, you need to skillfully manipulate the movement of pieces and develop strategies.

The unique movements of the pieces make chess an endlessly varied game.



Combinations are tactics that combine multiple moves to achieve a specific goal.

This includes capturing your opponent’s pieces, guiding them into checkmate, or securing advantageous positions.

Combinations are often used at critical moments that change the course of the game.

Combinations are one of the charms of chess, and they test your creativity and foresight.


computer chess

Computer chess is a game of chess between humans and computers, or between computers.

With the development of powerful chess engines, computers can now play at a level that matches or exceeds the world’s best players.

Computer chess has become an important tool in game research, strategy development, and training.

Advances in computer chess deepen our understanding of the game and provide new perspectives for human players.




Sacrifice is a tactic in chess where a piece is intentionally sacrificed.

The purpose is to gain positional advantage, create attacking opportunities, or obtain long-term strategic benefits.

This tactic, done at the risk of short-term losses, can dramatically change the course of the game.

Sacrifice requires boldness and subtlety, and it’s the beauty of the game.


sub center

Subcenter refers to the squares adjacent to the four main squares (centers) in the center of the chessboard.

Controlling these squares is also important tactically, helping with mid-game positioning and attack preparation.

Subcenter control is a quiet but powerful strategic approach.



Trigonometry is an endgame technique that uses the king to move so that it takes three moves to return to the same square.

The purpose of this is to secure an advantageous position or avoid stalemates by transferring movement rights (turns) to your opponent.

This subtle technique shows a deep understanding of the endgame.


fixed mark

Joki refers to the traditional steps and strategies in chess openings.

These steps have been optimized through years of practice and analysis and are used to secure advantageous positions in the early game.

The study of Joki will solidify the foundation of the game and prepare you for the match.


three fold repetition

Three-fold repetition is a rule where the game ends in a draw if the same position occurs three times.

This situation occurs when neither side can find a way to win and the situation repeats itself.

This rule provides an escape route from a hopeless situation.



A stalemate is a situation where the active player is unable to make a legal move and the king is unchecked, resulting in a draw.

This result is often unexpected and can be a relief for underdog players.

Stalemate is a moment that shows the unpredictability and strategic depth of the game.


Smothered Mate

A smothered mate is a situation in which the king is surrounded by his own pieces, unable to move, and is checkmated by the knight.

This checkmate format is very rare and visually impressive.

This checkmate is a great example of the tactical versatility of chess.


World Junior Chess Championship

The World Junior Chess Championship is an international chess tournament in which young players under the age of 20 compete to be the best in the world.

This tournament plays an important role in discovering and nurturing the talents who will lead the world of chess in the future.

It is a stage where the brilliance of young talent gives us a glimpse of the future of the chess world.


world chess championship

The World Chess Championship is a competition in which the world’s best chess players compete to be crowned champion.

This title is one of the most prestigious in the chess world and is held once every few years.

This tournament is the ultimate chess arena and a chance to write your name in history.


Seventh Rank Rook

Seventh rank rook refers to a tactical position in which a rook reaches the opponent’s seventh rank (or second rank) and targets a pawn.

From this position, the rook can attack the opponent’s pawn structure and gain an advantage in the endgame.

This position maximizes Luke’s potential.


semi-open game

A semi-open game is a type of opening in which White advances with d4 and Black responds with any other move.

These games have a somewhat closed nature compared to open games, and tend to emphasize strategy over tactics.

Semi-open games feature complex battles that require deep planning and advance preparation.



Center refers to the four squares located in the center of the chessboard (d4, d5, e4, e5).

Controlling this area provides tactical and strategic advantages throughout the game.

Domination of the center lays the foundation for superiority in the game.


All Japan Chess Championship

The All Japan Chess Championship is the most prestigious chess tournament in Japan and is hosted by the Japan Chess Federation.

This competition is held annually to determine the best chess players in Japan.

This tournament contributes to the development and spread of chess culture in Japan.



Diagonal refers to the diagonal rows on the chessboard, specifically the path along which the bishop moves.

Bishops can move any distance along the diagonal and use this property to control strategically important positions.

Diagonal control can have a powerful influence on the board.


game clock

A game clock is a clock used to measure each player’s consideration time in a chess game.

There are two clocks, and when one player makes a move, that player’s clock stops and the other player’s clock starts running.

Time management is another important aspect of chess and an element that adds pressure.


algebraic expression

Algebraic chess notation is a modern way to record chess moves, concisely representing each piece’s movement.

The type of piece and destination square are indicated with letters and numbers, making it easy to analyze and share the game.

This method is an efficient way to easily track your progress in the game.


touch and move

The touch-and-move principle states that if a player intentionally touches a piece, he or she must move that piece.

However, only if legal movement is possible.

This rule prevents misunderstandings caused by unintentional touching of pieces.


double pawn

Double pawn refers to two pawns side by side on the same file, typically resulting in a tactical disadvantage.

This is because the structure of the pawn is weakened, reducing your ability to control its files.

The presence of double pawns requires strategic planning.


Chess Olympiad

The Chess Olympiad is an international chess tournament in which teams from all over the world participate.

This competition aims to promote international friendship and understanding as well as chess skills.

This event demonstrates the true global appeal of chess.


chess rules

The rules of chess define the objectives of the game, the movement of pieces, special procedures (castling, enpassant, promotion), and the end of the game (checkmate, stalemate, draw).

Understanding the rules is the starting point for exploring strategic depth.


chess board/chess board

A chess board is a game playing area made up of 8×8 squares.

It features alternating light and dark squares and becomes the battlefield of the game.

This board is a strategic arena with endless possibilities.


chess problem

A chess problem is a puzzle to achieve checkmate under certain rules and conditions.

Similar to endgame studies, it explores a specific theme or purpose.

These not only test your chess knowledge but also stimulate your creativity.



A check refers to a state in which the opponent’s king is attacked, and you must either move that king or prevent the check on your next turn.

Checks bring tension and dynamism to the game.



Checkmate is a state in which the opponent’s king cannot escape from the attack and the winning conditions of the game are met.

This is the ultimate goal of chess.

Achieving checkmate is a testament to a good combination of tactics and strategy.


communication chess

Correspondence chess is a form of chess played between remote players via letters, emails, or a dedicated platform.

Deep analysis is possible because there is no time limit for thinking.

This format requires extreme tactics and patience.



Zugzwank refers to a situation in which a player is unable to make an advantageous move and worsens his position no matter which move he chooses.

This concept teaches you the delicate balance of position and tactical delicacy.


packed chess

Chess chess is a chess problem in which the goal is to checkmate the opponent’s king under certain conditions.

As with endgame studies, solutions require tactical insight.

This challenge embodies the elegance and logical beauty of chess.


discovered attack

A discovered attack is a tactic in which moving one piece causes another piece to enter the line of attack.

This technique can create an unexpected dual threat to your opponent.

This tactic has the power to change the dynamics on the board in an instant.


discovered check

A discovered check is a technique in which one piece moves to reveal a check by another piece.

This move often creates powerful attack opportunities.

This technique shows the perfect combination of chess calculations and creativity.



A draw occurs when one of several conditions are met for a chess game to end in a draw.

These include stalemate, isomorphic trifecta, and the impossibility of winning due to insufficient piece material.

The draw shows the complexity and depth of the game.


Dresden Chess Olympiad

The Dresden Chess Olympiad is an example of a chess Olympiad held in Dresden in a particular year.

The tournament is a place for teams from all over the world to compete and develop not only chess skills but also international friendship and understanding.

This event is a great example of how chess connects the world.



A knight is a chess piece whose movements are different from other pieces.

The knight moves in an “L” shape and can jump over any piece in its path.

This unique move gives the Knight extremely flexible offensive and defensive options on the board.

The knight’s movements are difficult to predict and cause headaches for opponents.

Sometimes that surprise attack can bring about a major turning point in the game.


Knight’s face direction

Chess knight pieces are distinctive in their design due to the direction of their faces.

Generally, the knight’s face faces forward on the board, but this is merely a decorative element and does not affect the rules of the game or the knight’s movements.

However, the direction of the knight’s face is part of its aesthetic appeal for players who are particular about the details of their pieces.

Although the direction of the knight’s face does not affect the outcome of the game, its elaborate design makes the chess set even more appealing.


Japan Chess Association

The Japan Chess Association is an organization whose purpose is to popularize and develop chess in Japan.

We host domestic chess events and support Japanese national players at international tournaments.

The association is also dedicated to promoting the educational value of chess and fostering the chess community in Japan.

The activities of the Japan Chess Association convey the appeal of chess to more people and contribute to the development of chess culture in Japan.



bughouse chess

Baghouse Chess is a modified form of chess played by four players divided into two teams.

You work together with your partner and pass the pieces you captured to your partner, who can then use them on their own board.

This game relies on quick communication and strategy, and features highly dynamic and unpredictable developments.

This is an interesting variation that shows creativity that goes beyond the boundaries of chess.


pass pawn

A passing pawn is a pawn that has no enemy pawns in its path and can advance unhindered.

Passpawn is of great strategic value and should be properly protected and promoted.

This pawn is like a little soldier with big dreams.


back rank

Backrank refers to the row closest to each player on the chessboard and is where a player’s king and other important pieces are placed at the start of the game.

Exploiting the weaknesses of the back ranks is often a game-defining strategy.

This line can be the battleground that determines the fate of the game.


backward pawn

A backward pawn is a pawn that cannot advance or is difficult to defend because it does not have the support of its own pawn chain.

They are usually easy targets for attack and can pose a tactical disadvantage.

This pawn is like a lone soldier in a team.


bad bishop

A bad bishop is an inactive bishop whose movements are restricted by his pawns.

These bishops often miss the opportunity to play an important role in the development of the game.

It is an interesting phenomenon that strategic placement can sometimes limit the power of the bishop.


perpetual check

Perpetual checking is a tactic in which one player repeatedly checks the opponent’s king to bring the game to a draw.

This is sometimes used as a means to avoid defeat.

A clever way to save a game, sometimes resulting in dramatic changes.


quick chess

Rapid chess is a form of chess played over short periods of time, forcing players to think quickly and make immediate decisions.

This format tests your reflexes and on-the-spot strategizing abilities.

It’s an exciting game format where speed brings a new level of challenge.



Variations refer to different steps or strategic choices in the opening, middle game, and end game of chess.

It means that many possibilities can be derived from one position, indicating the richness and complexity of the game.

This is an element that gives you a sense of the depth and breadth of possibilities in chess.



A bishop is a chess piece that can move diagonally any number of squares.

Bishops are especially powerful on open boards and have the ability to attack enemies from long range.

This piece is like a sniper, with great impact even from a distance.


Hydra (chess)

Hydras are fictional pieces found in certain irregular chess games and problems, and may have specific rules and abilities.

This term symbolizes imagination in chess variations and creative problem setting.

It’s an interesting concept that shows the range of creativity in the world of chess.


pin (chess)

Pinning is a tactic in which one piece pins another piece on the attack line.

A fixed piece cannot be moved because if it moves, a piece with higher value will be attacked.

This tactic is a way to tie down your opponent and secure a strategic advantage.



File refers to the columns running vertically across the chessboard.

Playing an important role in piece placement and tactics, controlling the file is a means of applying pressure on your opponent.

It is an important strategic element when aiming for control on the board.


fixed pawn

A fixed pawn is a pawn that cannot advance due to enemy pawns or pieces.

These are easy targets for attack and can create strategic weaknesses.

Fixed pawns are immobilized and expose tactical vulnerabilities.


fairy chess

Fairy chess is a type of irregular chess that changes the rules and pieces of standard chess.

New pieces, moves, and objectives may be introduced, adding new dimensions to the game.

It is a format full of playfulness and creativity that goes beyond the framework of chess.



Fianchetto is a tactic in which the bishop is placed diagonally between two of your pawns.

This allows the bishop to easily dominate the board over long distances.

This placement is a clever way to maximize the Bishop’s power.


Fork (chess)

A fork is a tactic in which one piece attacks multiple enemy pieces at the same time.

Particularly famous is the knight’s fork, which uses its special movement to threaten important pieces at the same time.

This tactic puts a lot of pressure on your opponent and can lead to an exchange of pieces or establishing an advantage.

The strength to defeat the enemy in one fell swoop is appealing.



Chess problems are puzzles whose goal is checkmate under specific conditions.

These usually require finding a solution within a certain number of moves, stimulating logical thinking and creativity.

Problems can be based on any aspect of the opening, middle game, or end game.

It is a format that encapsulates the beauty and complexity of chess.



Refers to the process of pawn promotion (becoming) that can occur when a pawn reaches the final row on the opposite side of the chessboard.

Promotions allow pawns to turn into queens, rooks, bishops, or knights, which have a significant impact on how the game unfolds.

This moment shows how a mere pawn can have game-changing power.


irregular chess

Irregular chess is a variation of chess that changes the rules of standard chess or introduces new pieces or strategies.

This includes things like Bughouse Chess and Fairy Chess. Irregular Chess provides players with new challenges and fun, and encourages creativity.

It’s an interesting way to explore the endless possibilities of chess.



Pawns are the most numerous pieces in a chess game, and their basic move is to move forward one square, but only in the first move can they move forward two squares.

You can also capture enemy pieces diagonally in front of you. The strategic value of pawns is deeper than their simple movement suggests, and they play a key role in many important aspects of the game.

It is a profound existence where small pieces often play a big role.


pawn chain

A pawn chain is a chess arrangement in which multiple pawns support each other in diagonal succession.

This shape helps pawns support each other’s progress and control specific files and diagonals.

Pawn chains form a strong defensive structure and can also serve as a starting point for attacks.

However, if the base of the chain is attacked, there is also a risk that the entire chain will collapse.

A pawn chain is like a symbol of a bond on a chess board, a beautiful yet fragile combination.



middle game

The middle game is the stage in a chess game after the opening steps are completed and before moving on to the endgame.

In this phase, players have already established their positions on the board and aim to activate their pieces, ensure the safety of their kings, and execute plans of attack on their opponents.

The middle game is a complex phase where strategy and tactics merge, and it is an important stage that greatly influences the outcome of the game.

The middle game embodies the essence of chess and is the core part of the game that requires creativity and deep calculation.


Mate (checkmate)

Checkmate is a state in which the opponent’s king cannot escape from the attack and the winning conditions of the game are met.

Players progress through the game with the ultimate goal of checkmateing their opponent’s king.

Achieving a checkmate means breaking through your opponent’s defenses and using your tactical acumen to emerge victorious.

Checkmate is the ultimate goal in chess, and the moment provides the player with the greatest sense of accomplishment.




Ranks refer to the lines that run horizontally across the chessboard. The chess board consists of 8×8 squares, and the ranks are represented by numbers from 1 to 8.

At the beginning of the game, the player’s pieces are placed in two ranks (ranks 1 and 2, or ranks 7 and 8).

One of the objectives of the game is to develop your strategy through the ranks and advance into enemy territory.

Controlling your ranks is critical to building your advantage on the board.



A rating is a numerical representation of a chess player’s ability. Players earn or lose rating points based on their performance in official matches.

This system allows players to objectively know their own abilities, making it easier to match them with opponents of similar abilities.

Ratings are used by many chess organizations, including the International Chess Federation (FIDE).

Ratings serve as a barometer of a player’s growth and progress.



A rook is a powerful chess piece that can move any number of squares vertically or horizontally.

In the early stages of the game, the scope of action is relatively limited, but as the game progresses and the board opens up, it shows its true value.

The rook plays a particularly important role in the endgame, where it can pressure the opponent towards checkmate of the king.

The power of a rook varies greatly depending on strategic placement and free space on the board.




CM (Canda Date Master)

CM, or Canda Date Master, is one of the chess titles awarded by the International Chess Federation (FIDE).

This title is given to amateur players whose chess skills have reached a certain standard.

Winning a CM indicates that a player has achieved a certain level of success at international level and represents the first step towards further progress and growth.

The title of CM is a major accomplishment for a chess player and a strong motivation to aim for even greater heights.



ECO (Encyclopedia of Chess Openings) is an encyclopedia that systematically categorizes chess openings.

Openings are coded with a combination of letters and numbers, and a wide range of opening strategies and variations are described.

ECO is an important resource for players as they learn opening theory and is essential for research and preparation.

ECO is like a compass for navigating the ocean of chess openings.


FIDE (International Chess Federation)

FIDE is the abbreviation for International Chess Federation, the world governing body for chess.

FIDE aims to organize international chess tournaments, manage player rating systems, and popularize and develop chess.

We also award various official titles to players.

FIDE plays a central role in bonding the chess community and promoting this classic game around the world.


FM (FIDE Master)

FM, or FIDE Master, is a chess title awarded by FIDE that certifies intermediate-level proficiency as a professional chess player.

Winning the FM title signifies recognition of a player’s ability and talent in the international chess community, and serves as a stepping stone to challenge for even higher titles.

The FM title is a glorious achievement for a chess player and honors their hard work and dedication.


GM (Grand Master)

GM, or Grandmaster, is the highest title in chess and is awarded by FIDE.

This title is given only to the world’s best chess players and recognizes outstanding skill, achievement and contribution.

Becoming a GM is the ultimate honor that many chess players aspire to and represents the highest level of success in the field.

The title of Grandmaster is one of the most respected and coveted positions in the world of chess.


IM (International Master)

IM, or International Master, is an international chess title awarded by FIDE and is one level below Grandmaster.

This title is given to a player with a very high level of chess skill and performance.

The IM title is a recognition of a player’s ability in the global chess community and is an important step toward becoming a Grandmaster.

The title of International Master is a very important milestone in the career of a chess player.


JCA (Japan Chess Association)

The Japan Chess Association (JCA) is the main organization promoting the spread and development of chess in Japan.

We support holding tournaments, training players, and participating in domestic and international chess events.

The JCA works to unite the Japanese chess community and raise the profile of the game internationally.

The efforts of the Japan Chess Association provide a great opportunity to expand the horizons of chess in Japan and bring this intellectual game to a wider audience.


NCS (National Chess Society of Japan)

The National Chess Society of Japan (NCS) is another important organization that aims to popularize and improve the level of chess in Japan.

NCS holds domestic chess events, provides programs to improve the level of players, and supports the Japanese national team at international tournaments.

The activities of NCS are contributing to the establishment and growth of chess culture in Japan, and play an important role in spreading the appeal of the game.


USCF (United States Chess Federation)

The United States Chess Federation (USCF) is the governing body for chess in the United States, managing player ratings, holding national tournaments, and promoting chess education.

USCF leads educational and competitive chess initiatives in the United States.

Through USCF’s efforts, chess has become increasingly popular in the United States and enjoyed by all age groups.


WCM (Woman Canda Date Master)

Woman Canda Date Master (WCM) is a title for female chess players awarded by the International Chess Federation (FIDE).

This title is given to female players who meet certain criteria and recognizes their accomplishments and talent in chess.

The WCM title is an important achievement for female chess players and a strong motivation to aim for greater heights.


WIM (Woman International Master)

Woman International Master (WIM) is a title for female chess players awarded by the International Chess Federation (FIDE).

WIM recognizes a certain level of success in international competition by female players and is ranked above WCM and WFM.

This title is given to female players with a high level of skill and performance and represents a significant achievement in their chess career.

The WIM title is a huge honor for female chess players and a moment of recognition for their dedication and hard work.


Chess competition at the 2006 Asian Games

Chess was included as an official medal event at the 2006 Asian Games.

This tournament brings together top players from all over Asia to compete in chess skill and spirit.

The inclusion of chess in the Asian Games shows how widespread and respected this classic intellectual game is throughout Asia.

The chess competition at the Asian Games is an important opportunity to demonstrate to the world the popularity of chess in Asia and the high level of competition.


50 move rule

The 50-move rule is a rule in a chess game that allows you to declare a draw if no pawn moves and neither player takes a piece for 50 consecutive moves.

This rule is in place to properly end long games and prevent pointless gameplay in situations where winning is nearly impossible.

The 50-move rule is an important mechanism for keeping chess games fair and rational.





At the end


How did you like the chess glossary?


Chess is a very entertaining game that everyone from children to the elderly can enjoy without any handicap.

You can enjoy concentration, patience, ability to see ahead, and bargaining with opponents.


If you watch this, please fall in love with the charm of chess.

I’m sure your life will be richer than it is now!


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