Explaining how to decide the position in volleyball

It may be a must-see for junior high school and high school volleyball club coaches.


This time, I would like to explain how to decide the position in volleyball.


In volleyball, every position plays an important role, and it is difficult to decide which position is best or worst.

However, there is one thing that is clearly obvious to anyone looking at the factors that determine the volleyball position.

That is height (physique)


It is obviously better to have a taller player be the attacker when attacking.

On the other hand, a libero who specializes in defense will do better if you have a shorter player play the role.

It is also better for center players (middle, middle blockers), who often block, to be taller.


Also, if you judge based on volleyball technique,

The best player touches the ball the most, and placing him in the setter position will lead to consistent wins for the team.



Please keep this in mind as you read the article.


How to decide the position in volleyball


Volleyball is one of the team sports where position plays an especially important role.

Each position has its own skill set and responsibilities, and determining positions based on player ability and team strategy is key to success.

Here, we will outline how to determine the position in volleyball.


List of volleyball positions


The main positions in volleyball are:


  • Setter : The orchestrator of the team, responsible for setting up the attack.
  • Outside Hitter/Left Side Attacker : An all-around player who plays many offensive roles.
  • Opposite Hitter : A player who is primarily responsible for attacking from the right side and has strong attacking power will occupy this position.
  • Middle blocker : Mainly responsible for blocking in front of the net, and also good at fast attacks.
  • Libero : This is a position specialized in defense, and is filled by players who are excellent at serve receiving and digging.


How to decide the position

  1. Assessing Player Skill Sets and Abilities : Assess players’ technique, physical ability, and game understanding. For example, a player with good tossing skills may be suitable for the setter position, and a player with strong offensive ability may be suitable for the hitter position (attacker).

  2. Consider physical characteristics : Taller players are often better suited as middle blockers, while players with reflexes and mobility are better suited as liberos and defenders.

  3. Team strategy and balance : Determine positions according to the overall strategy of the team. We aim to create a team composition that is well-balanced and functions effectively in both attack and defense.

  4. Player adaptability and growth potential : It is also important to identify players who have the potential to develop the skills needed for a particular position. As players develop and acquire skills, they become more adaptable to their positions.

  5. Communication and teamwork : Particularly in positions where communication is important, such as setters and liberos, the selection criteria is based on the ability to work smoothly with teammates.


Positioning in volleyball is a strategic process that not only maximizes the individual abilities of each player, but also allows the team to perform at its best as a whole.



People suitable for each position (personality, etc.)


A player suitable for the left position is a versatile player who can perform all the techniques of volleyball in a well-balanced manner.

They play an important role not only in attack but also in defense.

In particular, a wide range of skill sets such as spiking, blocking, and serve-receiving are required, and mental strength is also required, as players are often entrusted with important hits that change the flow of the match.

In the left field position, ambition is directly linked to a player’s growth.

Regardless of your current technical level, your skills will improve with continued effort.

However, if a player lacks the desire to improve, his or her potential will not be realized to the fullest potential and may become a weakness for the team.


On the other hand, the right position is ideal for players with strong spike ability or players who support the team with solid and reliable play.

The right fielder is the cornerstone of the attack, and requires the mental ability to handle many tosses and withstand mental pressure.

Additionally, a player who can lead the team with consistent play is suitable for this position.


Center players are required to have the insight to accurately read the opponent’s movements and make effective blocks.

Height is an important factor, but even more important are the ability to observe to control the tactics with the opponent and the seriousness of faithfully implementing the team’s tactics.


In addition to excellent tossing skills, a setter must have the tactical eye to judge situations flexibly and take advantage of the strengths of their teammates.

By being considerate and caring for your teammates, you help everyone perform at their best.


A libero is a key player in defense and is suitable for a player who has a positive attitude and is reliable.

They play an active role as the center of defense, raising team morale and supporting the team with stable defense.



Each position requires specific skills and personality traits, but all positions are equally important to the team.

The team is guided to success by each player playing their role to the fullest.



How do junior high and high school students decide on their positions on the volleyball team?



To be honest, “height” is everything(?)


When determining player positions at the junior high school or high school volleyball club level, where each player has different volleyball skills.

First, “physique (height)” is taken into consideration

It is normal for tall players to be placed in positions where they can make spikes or make strong blocks.

On the other hand, it is standard practice in junior high and high school volleyball to place shorter players as libero.


Also, if you assign the best setter to the setter, regardless of height, the team’s winning rate will increase.

If the player has a strong desire to attack, it may be a good idea to place him on the left side of the front line as an ace.



How to decide on volleyball club positions for elementary school students


As long as you are at the elementary school class level, regardless of height or shortness.

It would be a good idea to have all players try out different positions and put them in the position they are best at.

Please consider the individual wishes of elementary school students.

However, if you want to win the match, it’s the same as choosing a position in volleyball after junior high school.

Choose the best setter and the tallest person for the key position of attack.





In volleyball, each position has unique roles and responsibilities and is essential to the team’s success.

Volleyball relies not only on the skills and abilities of individual players, but also on the coordination and strategy of the entire team.


Every position contributes to the team in a unique way.

The setter controls the tempo of the game, the hitter scores points, the blocker prevents the opponent’s attacks, and the libero maintains defensive stability.

When these positions complement each other and work together, the team can come together and perform at its best.

That’s why volleyball is a sport that shows a beautiful harmony of positional specialization and teamwork.


Click here for volleyball glossary


Return to the glossary TOP