Soft volleyball glossary


Soft volleyball glossary



Do you know about soft volleyball?

Mama’s Volleyball is a sport with many teams, but unlike regular volleyball, it is a 4-person volleyball game played by four people.

The ball is not a hard ball, but a soft ball that is soft.


Soft volleyball has almost the same rules and terminology as regular volleyball.

The net is set lower than normal volleyball, so even petite women can hit the attack! You can enjoy the real pleasure of volleyball.

The ball used for soft volleyball is floppy and floppy, so even if a strong attack hits your face, it won’t hurt at all!


Here, we explain the glossary and rules of soft volleyball.

For those who are about to start playing soft volleyball, those who are new to soft volleyball, and those who have already played soft volleyball.

Please use this page to deepen your understanding of soft volleyball.


You’ll definitely want to try soft volleyball!

It depends on your level, but it’s not a hard sport that requires you to move around, so it’s a perfect sport to relieve lack of exercise.

What is out?

An out is when the ball falls outside the court line.

(If it falls on the court line, it is considered in.)


What is out of play?

The period between the end of the rally between both teams and the start of the next rally (starting with the serve)

Use for in-play. No points are scored while out of play.


What is out of position?

Old name for positional fault

A foul committed when a player is not in the designated position when receiving a serve.


What is an attacker (spiker)?

Refers to a player who attacks (spikes)


What is attack (attack hit)?

Attack (Attack Hit) is an offensive play in which the ball is hit hard in the air, as if it were to slam the ball over the net and onto the opponent’s court.

Also called spike


What is an underhand serve?

A serve played underhand (by swinging the arm from below)

Also called under serve or under


What is an underhand receive?

Refers to a receiver who picks up the ball from below.

Underhand: Cross your arms and scoop up the ball from around your waist.

(Usually, balls below the chest are received with an underhand receive, and balls above the chest are received with an overhand receive.)

Also called under, under receive, and underhand pass.



What is a mobile attack?

A spike that is hit while the player is running horizontally across the court.

Also called broad-broad attack


What is Inn?

If the ball falls inside the court line, it is in and the attacking team scores a point.

Even if the ball falls on the court line, it is still in.


What is Interfair?

A foul act of touching the ball in the opponent’s court




What is an inner spike?

Spikes that hit further inward than normal cross spikes




What is in-play?

The period after the serve is hit until either team scores a point.

Be in play during the rally


What is A-quick?

A quick attack with a short toss that goes up just to the left side of the setter.

Quick attacks are named A, B, C, D + quick depending on where they are raised.

(From C quick, it becomes quick by backtossing to the right side)


What is A-Pass?

A reception in which the ball returns neatly to the setter’s setup position.


What is air fake?

An attack in which the player feints and spikes in the air to avoid a block.


What is Overtimes?

Former name of Forehit

In volleyball, you must return the ball to the opponent’s court with no more than three receiving attacks.

If you can’t return it in 3 tries, you will be given overtime.


What is Overnet?

A type of penetration fault

A foul committed when a part of your body crosses the net and enters the opponent’s court.


What is an overhand serve?

A serve where you hit the ball by rotating your shoulders and swinging your arm down from above.


What is an overhand pass?

A pass where you hold your hands in a triangle shape and push the ball upwards.

Basically used for balls that are above the chest.


What is an open attack?

The basic attack of volleyball is a gently raised toss like a mountain.

Also called open spike


What is open spike?

Same as open attack

There is enough distance and time for a run-up, and you can spike with a high RBI.

The disadvantage is that it is easy to see who will spike, making it easier for the opponent’s blocker to block.


What is open toss?

A toss in which the attacker raises the ball in a relaxed manner.

Use during open attack


What is an off-speed shot?

Also called soft attack. Normally spikes hit a strong ball, but

For off-speed shots, do not hit the ball fast, but hit it so that it returns to the opponent’s court.

Use when you want to hit a spike in a disadvantageous position or when you want it to fall at a targeted location.


What is arranged marriage?

Teammate players giving up the ball to each other and making a mistake in receiving the ball.



What is rotation receive?

A receive where you slide in head first and turn your body once to regain your position.

It has the advantage of being able to quickly recover


What is the opposite foot?

A spiker takes off with the foot on the same side as his dominant hand at the end of his run-up and flies.


What is catch ball?

the act of catching the ball

In soft volleyball, players are not allowed to catch the ball while it is in play.


What is a kill block?

A block that directly hits the opponent’s attack and scores points.


What is Quick (Quick Attack)?

A very fast attack that attacks a low toss.

The four typical ones are A quick, B quick, C quick, and D quick.


What is quick toss?

A low, short toss that a setter raises when making a quick attack.


What is cross spike?

A spike that hits the court diagonally from your position.

(If you are a left fielder, hit toward the opposing team’s left field; if you are a right fielder, hit toward the opposing team’s right field.)


What is Guess Block?

Predict the player that the blocker will spike

A block that moves and flies in front of the spiker at the same time as (or before) the toss is raised.


What is a commit block?

A block that jumps according to the movement of the opponent attacker.


What is a combination?

A coordinated attack. Confuse your opponent with all your allies, such as using them as bait.



What is third tempo?

This refers to the run-up rhythm in which the attacker begins his run-up after the setter has toss.


What is a server?

A player who serves


What is Service Ace?

The serve becomes a point as it is.


What is a service zone?

The area where the server can serve


What is a service fault?

to fail to serve


What is serve?

Larry’s first play

Hit the ball from the service area of the court into the opposing team’s court


What is the right to serve?

right to serve


What is serve receive?

Former name of reception

receiving the opponent’s serve


What is side hand serve?

A serve method in which the arm is swung beside the body and parallel to the ground.


What is a triple attack?

A common attack in volleyball that connects with a receive, toss, and attack.


What is C-quick?

A quick attack in which the setter makes a short toss towards right field with a back toss.


What is a time difference attack?

A spike that shifts the timing of the opponent’s block


What is shutout?

A blocker blocks an opponent’s attacker’s spike and drops it into the opponent’s court, directly scoring a point for his team.


What is a jumping serve?

A serve that is hit in the air by jumping.

There is a jump floater serve and a spike serve.


What is jump toss?

A toss made by jumping


What is single hand?

Receiving or passing with only one hand


What is a synchronized attack?

An attack method in which two or more players move at the same time and launch attacks with the same timing, tempo, and rhythm.


What is suction?

When blocking an opponent’s attack, the ball falls between the net and the blocking player.


What is a spike?

An attack in which the attacker jumps and slams into the opponent’s court.


What is spike serve?

One of the ways to serve, serve with spike movement


What is second tempo?

The tempo of the run-up where the attacker starts his run-up almost at the same time as the setter’s toss is raised.


What is a setter?

A player whose role is to raise (toss) the ball to a position where it is easy for the spiker to spike.


What is setup?

A toss by the setter to the attacker (spiker)


What is a set point?

If you can get one more point, you can win the set.


What is soft block?

block type

A block whose purpose is to weaken the power of an opponent attacker’s spike with a single touch.



What is a direct attack?

Direct attack (direct spike) is to directly attack (spike) the ball returned from the opposing team without receiving it.

He attacks the ball that comes from in front of him near the net, which is easy to hit, resulting in a dynamic attack that gets both the venue and his team excited!


What is Touchnet?

Foul of touching the net during in-play (including antenna and white belt)


What is double contact?

A foul in which one player touches the ball twice in a row.

*Only when the player touches the ball with a first contact block, the same player’s receiving will not be subject to double contact.


What is Chance Ball?

Returning a simple ball that is easy to handle


What is Two Attack?

An attack method in which the setter spikes the ball into the opponent’s court while pretending to make a toss.


What is D-Quick?

A quick attack in which the setter performs a low back toss to the right side.

Toss a little longer than C quick


What is Dig?

To receive an opponent’s attack (spike)

Also called spike receive


What is delay in service?

Also known as the 8 second rule

A foul if the serve is not served within 8 seconds after the referee’s whistle blows.


What is ceiling serve?

A high serve where the ball seems to reach the ceiling.


What is toss?

A pass that is raised upwards, mainly on the second reception, in order to force the attacker to hit the ball.


What is tossfeint?

An attack in which the setter pretends to toss the ball and drops the ball into the opponent’s court.


What is Driveserve?

A serve that applies vertical topspin to the ball and hits it hard.

A drive serve falls sharply downward compared to a normal serve.


What is dribbling?

Old name for double contact

A foul act in which one player touches the ball consecutively.



What is Nicekey?

A shout to be made when a wonderfully powerful spike is decided.

Spike is also called kill, and Nice Key is used as an abbreviation for Nice Skill.


What is soft hitting?

hit the ball with all your strength

Used to ensure the ball is returned to the opponent’s court


What is a two-stage attack?

Hitting the receiving ball a second time without tossing it

*Ball contact is allowed up to 3 times.

*Usually, an attack is performed in the order of receive → toss → attack (spike).


What is 2-stage toss?

A toss given to an attacker (spiker) from a position where the ball is away from the net.

A toss raised by a player other than the setter when a reception or dig does not return to the setter’s position.


What is 2-piece replacement?

Substitute two players at the same time when making a substitution


What is Net Inserve?

The ball that is served touches the net and enters the opponent’s court.


What is Net Touch?

About touchnet

A foul in which a part of the body touches the net, white belt, or antenna during play.


What is No Touch Ace?

A service ace where the serve falls directly into the court without touching any players on the opposing team.



What is a pass?

General play that sends the ball to a teammate (receiving and tossing)


What is the 8 second rule?

About delay-in service

A foul committed when a serve is not served within 8 seconds after the referee’s whistle blows.


What is the passing center line?

A foul that involves stepping over the center line drawn in the center of the court (below the net)

A type of penetration fault


What is backtoss?

A toss that the setter raises behind himself


What is pancake (pancake receive)?

Sliding head first, reaching out with one hand just before the ball falls and receiving it with the back of the hand.


What is B-Quick?

A quick attack in which the setter makes a low toss to the left side.


What is a one-person time difference attack?

A feint attack in which the spiker makes a feint and hits the opponent’s blocker out of timing.

*If you jump, you will pretend to make the opponent’s blocker jump, then shift the timing by one tempo and jump and attack.


What is a pinch server?

A player who serves as a substitute during a serve.


What is fast tempo?

A quick attack in which the attacker makes a run-up before the toss goes up and matches the toss with the attacker.


What is a feint?

A feint in volleyball is an attack that pretends to hit a strong spike, but uses your fingers to drop the ball into the opponent’s court without using force.


What is a fault?

Foul, failure, violation


What is a fore hit?

Foul of not returning the ball in the third inning, touching the ball four or more times and returning the ball to the opponent’s court.

Formerly known as Overtimes


What is push?

An attack that pretends to hit a spike and then pushes (pushes) the ball into a space where there are no opposing players.


What is a foot fault?

A foul where a player steps on (or crosses) the end line when serving.

When hitting a jump-type serve, it is not a foul even if it crosses the end line when landing.


What is a break?

Scoring a point while having the right to serve


What is floater serve?

A serve where you raise the ball above yourself and hit it like a spike without jumping.


What is a broad attack?

A moving attack that jumps and spikes with one foot while running.


What is a blocker?

Advance player to jump and block opponent’s spikes


What is a block?

To guard (block) to prevent the opponent’s spike


What is blockout?

A blocked ball falling outside the court (going out)


What is block following?

Anticipating that the ball will hit a block and fall onto your own court, and prepare in advance to receive the ball in a place where it is likely to fall (often near the blocker).


What is the front zone?

Front of court, zone between center line and attack line


What is parallel toss?

A straight and fast toss


What is a penetration fault?

A foul act that involves invading the opponent’s court.


What is positional fault?

A foul committed when a player is not in the designated position at the time of reception (receive serve)


What is a holding?

Old name for catch ball

A foul act committed when catching or holding the ball

*Catching the ball with the palm of your hand when tossing it.

When under-receiving, if you cradle the ball, your holding will be lost.


What is ball dead?

Time at which the match is stopped and play is void.



What is a marker?

An antenna attached to the net


What is negative tempo?

A very fast attack in which the spiker completes its jump and is in attack position when the toss is raised.


What is a matchup?

The relationship between the attacker who spikes and the blocker who blocks it.


What is match point?

A situation in which the outcome of the game is determined by just one more point.


What is light?

The area on the right side of the court facing the net.


What is light open?

Open attack from the right field


What is a line judge?

An umpire who judges whether a ball that falls on the line is in or out.

Also called linesman or linesman


What is Larry?

The attack and defense from the reception (serve/receive) until one team scores a point.


What is the rally point system?

A system that allows you to score points even if you do not have the right to serve.


What is a lead block?

A blocking method in which the blocker blocks according to the opponent team’s toss or attacker’s movement.


What is rebound?

When an attacker lightly hits the ball and intentionally hits the opponent’s blocker’s hand to return the chance ball to his own court.


What is Libero?

A defensive player who cannot attack and only plays defense in the rear.

He is required to wear a uniform of a different color from other players.


What is a receiver?

A player who receives (receives) an opponent’s attack.


What is receive?

receiving the ball from the opposing team


What is reception?

The action of receiving an opponent’s serve

Formerly known as serve receive


What is left?

The area on the left side of the court facing the net.


What is left open?

Open spike hit from left


What is rotation?

Move one position clockwise each time a point is scored.


What is rotation mistake?

Wrong position during rotation



What is one touch?

the ball hitting a part of the body

*Mainly used when the spike hits the blocker’s hand when blocking.


What is one hand receive?

Receiving performed with one hand


What is one point blocker?

A player who is replaced at one point to strengthen the block.



At the end



How did you like the soft volleyball glossary?


The terms used for soft volleyball are almost the same as those used for volleyball.

People who played volleyball in the past should be able to understand the terminology easily!


There must be one soft volleyball team in each region, and it is a very popular sport that is easy to get into.

Hardball volleyball is good, but the ball hurts in hardball, and most of the people who play it are people who used to play in club activities, so it’s scary…

Let’s try soft volleyball for the first time, where even small players can enjoy the real thrill of volleyball by hitting the ball with a bang!

It’s a sport that has more women, so it’s easy to get into it!

Let’s enjoy!


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