softball glossary


softball glossary



Softball is popular as a sport that working adults can easily play without getting injured, and it is also a sport that has a low barrier to participation for those who are thinking, “I want to try some exercise!”

It’s fun to swing the bat as hard as you can and hit the ball!

Those who are thinking of trying softball from now on

Or if you play softball but don’t understand the rules such as touch-ups and double plays.

For those people, this page explains softball terminology.

If you are interested in softball, please check it out.


What is out?

In softball, just like baseball, when three players are put out, the inning ends and the players switch sides with the opponent.


What is Outcourse?

The outer (farthest) side of the batter. Conversely, the inside (closer side) of the batter is called in-course.


What is a bad throw?

When defending or pitching, throwing a ball that the opponent cannot catch. Also called wild pitch


What is a play ball?

To throw a ball that is intentionally off the strike course in order to destabilize the batter.


What is bad ball hitting?

Hitting a ball that is clearly off the strike course


What is upper swing?

Balls hit with an upward swing of the bat are more likely to result in a fly ball.

Conversely, the downward movement of the bat is called a downswing. On the downswing, it is more likely to result in a ground ball.


What is appeal (appeal play)?

An act in which the defending team urges an out by appealing to the referee about the attacking team’s violation of the rules.

For example, if a runner forgets to step on the base, touch the runner to appeal to the umpire.


What is an average hitter?

A batter who specializes in single hits.

Average hitters tend to have higher batting averages.


What is a sweet ball?

In pitching, a pitch that is easy for a batter to hit.


What does it mean to enter sweetly?

The ball thrown by the pitcher lands on a path that is easy for the batter to hit.


What is a rough ball?

Pitching with unstable ball control or unstable control.


What is an umpire?

About the referee


What is the yips?

A phenomenon that is said to come from a mental standpoint, where you suddenly become unable to play as you would like.

In softball, pitchers are especially prone to yips, which can cause them to suddenly lose control and become unable to control the ball as they used to.


What is an inning?

Inning, also called 〇inning, is when both teams play offense and defense once each.


What is illegal pitch?

An illegal pitch (same as a balk in baseball)


What is irregular (irregular bound)?

A ball hit by a batter that bounces in an unpredictable direction

Irregularities are more likely to occur when the ground is uneven and uneven.

Make sure to maintain the ground properly to prevent irregularities.


What is in-course?

A course that is close to the batter’s body. Conversely, a course farther from the batter’s body is called an out course.


What is Interfair?

An act of sabotage. This includes hitting interference, defense interference, base running interference, etc.


What is Inhai?

A ball thrown onto a course with a high inside course. When batters are thrown high, straight, fast pitches, batters are more likely to whiff or give up.

It is often used as a deciding pitch to get a strikeout.


What is an infield fly?

This rule prevents the defender from intentionally dropping a fly ball when there is a runner, resulting in a double play.

When it is determined that the fielding side can easily catch an infield fly ball and the bases are occupied, the umpire may decide to call the batter out during the fly ball.


What is in-play?

Play continues


What is a winning shot?

A pitcher’s match ball used during two strikes.


What does it mean to hit and catch?

Letting the batter hit refers to pitching that focuses on getting the batter to bat rather than striking out the batter.

The advantage of pitching by letting the ball hit is that you can complete innings with fewer pitches.

The team needs defensive ability that does not make errors.


What is right middle?

The zone between the light and center


What is Ace?

In softball, the ace refers to the pitcher who is the most powerful player on the team.


What is FP?

A player who specializes in defense is called a FP in softball.


What is an error?

Defensive mistakes such as wild pitches, tunnels, and missed catches


What is flaming?

In softball, when a pitcher is hit by the opposing team, it is called a flare-up.

(The word “flame” is also used in baseball.)


What is OPS?

An index that evaluates batters based on the sum of on-base percentage and slugging percentage.


What is overrun?

A runner running too far past the base.


What is an all-round player?

A player who can defend multiple defensive positions, and who can smoothly perform everything from bunting to hitting.

A player who can play a wide range of games


What is large?

A type of batting swing in softball that refers to a large swing that appears to be aiming for a home run or extra-base hit, but is generally used in a negative sense.

On the other hand, a small swing that appears to be aiming for a single hit is called a compact swing.


What is extrusion?

A point is scored by walking or hitting a hit ball (dead ball) when the bases are loaded.


What is the ball I left behind?

A ball that aims for a strike by suppressing the power of the ball and setting a course with an emphasis on control.

It is often hit hard and is used in softball with a negative connotation.


What is a sending bunt?

In order to advance the runner, the batter should bunt, even if the batter is out.


What is a restrainer (closer pitcher, restraining pitcher, closer)?

A pitcher who comes in to finish the game when his team is winning late in the game.


What is “address”?

Batting that skillfully deals with balls from inside corners


What is a bean bag?

About fumble. Mainly refers to failing to grasp the ball in the glove when throwing a ball defensively.


What is obstruction?

Interfering with base running. A foul act in which a defensive player obstructs an offensive runner from running on base.

No foul will be charged when the defender is handling a batted ball or throwing a ball.


What does it mean to be forced to swim?

A situation in which a batter is forced to swing the bat without his or her hips due to the timing being off.


What is a card?

refers to the combination of opponents


What is an exterior angle?

About out course. A ball thrown far from the batter’s body

The opposite is an interior angle (incourse)


What is an outfielder?

Players in three defensive positions: right, center, and left

He has a wide field of defense and a long return distance, so foot speed and shoulder strength are important.


What is a count?

The number of strikes, balls, outs, etc. is called a count.

For example, the commentary explains, “The count is 2 balls and 1 strike.”


What is a cut?

Batting for a foul


What is cut play (relay)?

The infielder receives (relays) the return ball from the outfielder.

An infielder who receives the ball and throws it to the base.

When the distance from the outfield to the bases is long, it is faster to throw the ball over the base through a cut play.


What is a cover?

When the ball goes backwards, move behind and follow the player who is catching the ball to prevent it from going further behind.


What is slow and fast?

Slowness in pitching refers to the proper use of the speed of the ball.

It is common to miss the batter’s timing by pitching slowly and rapidly, such as by using curveballs.


What is a perfect match?

To win by pitching all by yourself without giving up a single hit, walk, or hit by a pitch.

A perfect game is also called perfect pitching.


What is a complete game?

One pitcher completes all pitches in one game


What is a shutout?

A pitcher must pitch all games in a game (complete pitch) and hold the opponent’s batting lineup to 0 points.


What is a danger ball?

A ball thrown near the batter’s head


What is a sacrifice bunt?

Similar to a sending bunt, a bunt that allows the runner to advance even if he or she is out.

Recorded as sacrifice hit


What is a sacrifice fly?

With no outs or one out, a runner on third base, the batter hits an outfield fly ball.

If the runner on third base advances home on a touch-up and scores a point, it is called a sacrifice fly.

Recorded as sacrifice fly


What is a reverse ball?

Pitching in which the ball is thrown in the opposite direction from the course the catcher is aiming for.


What is a catcher?

A player who receives the pitcher’s ball. He is also a catcher

When defending, wear protective gear such as a helmet, mask, protector, and leggings.


What is Kyuui?

Refers to the force and force of the ball thrown by a pitcher (it is not actually defined as a ball speed of XX km or more)


What is a relief pitcher?

About relief pitchers

This is because the starting pitcher often brings in relief pitchers when he is in a pinch.

The term relief pitcher was coined.


What is a raid?

A very strong ball that hits a fielder. When it becomes a hit, it is called an assault hit.


What is sharpness?

The sharpness of the ball thrown by a pitcher

When used for a fastball, it refers to the fact that the ball’s power and speed do not decrease even when the ball gets close to the batter.

When used as a breaking ball, it refers to a ball that has a large speed or change in speed (or curves greatly close to the batter)


What is a metal bat?

about a metal bat


What is a glove?

A tool used in defense to catch a ball


What is a Grand Slam?

About a bases loaded home run


What is cleanup?

Refers to the number 3, 4, and 5 batters.

A batting order that allows you to score with one hit and is said to have a high possibility of being batted in scoring position.


What is a clean hit?

A hit in which the ball flies cleanly into the outfield.


What is a grip?

The part where you hold the bat is called the grip.

Holding the grip short means holding the upper side of the grip (the tip of the bat).

*The shorter you hold it, the more compact your swing will be.




What is Crossfire?

A pitch by a left-handed pitcher that sharply cuts into the inside corner of a right-handed batter.


What is cross play?

A play in which a runner and a defender fight over the out safety on the base.

Used in situations where out or safe is determined at the last minute.


What is shunning?

Deliberately giving away a four-ball. Throwing a ball far off the strike course in order to avoid being hit

Because he doesn’t get hit with extra-base hits, when he is likely to score a point with just one hit, he sometimes gives away instead of competing with strong or good batters.


What is succession pitching?

A pitcher’s change is called a transfer pitch.


What is Getzu?

About double play


What is grounder?

A ball rolling on the ground.

(In contrast to a ground ball, a ball that rises high into the air is called a fly.)


What is convert?

Changing the main defensive position to another defensive position

Example) Converting from infield to outfield, converting from pitcher to fielder, etc.


What is a compact swing?

A small, sharp swing aimed at a single hit.


What is third (third base)?

third baseman or third base


What is a cycle hit?

Hitting a single, double, triple, or home run by one player in one game.


What is a sign?

Instructions given by the manager, coach, or catcher

Send a signal for your next action (send bunt, steal base, etc.) without letting your opponent know.


What is southpaw?

refers to a left-handed pitcher


What does it mean to be inserted?

Batting in which the ball’s contact position shifts backwards due to the force of the opponent’s pitch.


What is left middle?

Outfield zone between left and center


What is goodbye?

When the victory is determined by scoring a point in the bottom of the 9th inning or later.

Examples) Typical examples include walk-off hits and walk-off home runs.


What is three-party withdrawal?

To finish an inning with three players without any runners during the inning.


What is a strikeout?

Swinging with two strikes and failing to hit the next pitch with the bat.

Or when you have two strikes and miss the next strike ball without swinging the bat.

If you swing the bat and strike out, it is called a strikeout.


What is remaining base (runner left on base)?

When a runner is on base and gets three outs, the inning ends.


What is seesaw game?

A game in which reversals and reversals occur repeatedly within the same match.

Its origin comes from the fact that the top and bottom are reversed, like a seesaw. Also used in sports other than baseball


What is an earned run?

Points that are the fault of the pitcher, such as hits, walks, wild pitches, etc.

Points scored due to fielder errors do not count as earned runs.


What is a self-hit ball?

Hitting a ball hit by the batter himself. counts as a foul


What is a blunder?

Defensive fielder’s error


What is shift?

The fielders change their defensive position depending on the situation of the opponent’s batter or runner.

Examples include bunt shift and getz shift.


What is Just Meat?

Catching the ball thrown by the pitcher with the center of the bat at the right time

A ball hit just right will fly strong.


What is shortstop?

A fielder who plays the field between second base and third base.


What is defensive interference?

A foul act that obstructs an opponent’s defense

Mainly, if a runner or batter interferes with the ball being thrown by the defensive team with their body, they will be charged with defensive interference.


What is short bound?

A ball that bounces small in front of the fielder.

Although it is a difficult ball to catch, infielders often have to deal with balls that bounce short.


What is competitive strength?

Represents the power (strength) to overcome a crisis and take advantage of an opportunity. Often used in the phrase “Are you going to show your competitive strength?”

For example, in the final inning, with two outs and 2nd base, the score was tied at one hit, but if the batter showed his competitive strength, he would get a hit to tie the game and make the most of his chance.

The batter who hit the ball can be said to be a competitive batter.

The term “competitive strength” is commonly used, but in softball it is often used in critical situations.


What is advance on base?

runner advancing to next base


What is a switch hitter?

A batter who can hit from either the right or left bat.

He says he switches when changing his turn at bat.


What is scoring position?

There must be a runner in a scoring position such as 2nd or 3rd base where you can score with one hit.


What are the starting members?

The members who participate at the start of the match are called the starting members.

Widely used in sports where players can be substituted


What is a strike?

The ball thrown by the pitcher passes through the strike zone and lands in the catcher’s glove.

Alternatively, when the batter swings but the ball does not hit the bat, it is called a strike.


What is a strikeout?

About striking out


What is the strike zone?

The area where a ball thrown by a pitcher becomes a strike.

Although it is roughly determined, there are subtle differences in the strike zone depending on the referee.


What is a straight ball?

The most orthodox ball. Also called fastball or straight

The ball follows a trajectory that moves straight to the catcher, so it does not put strain on the shoulders or elbows compared to a breaking ball.


What is snap?

flexion and extension of the wrist

It is used when the snap is strong or the snap is effective.

If you take advantage of the snap when throwing the ball, you can throw a stronger ball.


What is a speed gun?

An instrument that measures ball speed


What is practice swing?

Basic softball practice method: swinging the bat without hitting the ball


What is a slice?

If you are a right-handed batter, the ball will curve to the right; if you are a left-handed batter, the ball will curve to the left.


What is sliding?

When a runner slides into the base feet or head first.

Used to avoid overruns and collisions with fielders, or when the timing is delicate between going out or being safe.


What is a slugger?

A strong hitter with long hitting power


What is three bunt?

bunt with two strikes

In baseball, if a bunt from a second strike is fouled, the batter will strike out and be out.


What is safe?

A runner reaching a base without being out


What is a safety bunt?

To bunt from a stance to bat

The defender cannot take forward defense because he does not know whether to hit or bunt.

A bunt that allows the batter to aim for a hit.


What is ball control?

About control. Ball control refers to the ability to control a thrown ball.


What is second (second base)?

A player who protects the space between first base and second base.

or second base


What is forward defense?

A fielder defending from a position further forward than normal.


What is center return?

Batting aimed toward the center. The ball passes through the side and above the pitcher.


What is base running obstruction?

A foul act that obstructs a runner from running on base.

If a fielder hits a running runner with his body, arm, or leg, regardless of any defensive action, he will be charged with interfering with base running.


What is tie score?

Refers to a situation where there is a tie


What is a pinch runner?

Substitution of runners. Also called pinch runner

When a runner is out late in the game, a fast player is often sent out as a pinch runner in order to score a point.


What is pinch hitter?

A change of batter. Also called pinch batter or pinch hitter.

Players who are sure to hit when given a chance are often sent out as pinch hitters.


What is thyme?

The match is temporarily stopped by the referee.

Players, managers, and coaches may report their times as necessary.

Convey and confirm the strategy during the time.


What is a timely error?

An error that allows a goal to be scored.


What is a timely hit?

A hit that resulted in a score. A two base hit is called a timely two base, and a three base hit is called a timely three base.


What is diving catch?

When catching a fly ball or a ball that passes through the fielders, the fielder throws out his body and dives to catch the ball.


What is a diamond?

A term referring to the square connecting the first, second, third, and home bases.


What is an octopus?

People make fun of no-hits and call them octopuses.

If you stand at bat three times and get a no-hitter, use something like “three tacos.”


What is rising?

Refers to the condition during the first to third innings after a pitcher takes the mound.


What is a strikeout?

to strike out


What is hit interference?

A foul act that interferes with a batter’s ability to bat.

Catchers sometimes hit their bats with their mitts, but this is often unintentional.

Strike interference rarely occurs


What is touch play?

An act in which a fielder with the ball tries to get an out by touching a runner whose feet are far from the base.


What is touch-up?

When a fly ball goes up and is caught, the runner takes his feet off the base and aims to advance to the next base.


What is ball foot?

The force of the ball hit by the batter

When the force of the ball is strong, it is expressed as “the ball is fast.”

However, it is not often used if the ball is slow.

If the ball is hit quickly, it is likely to pass through the infield, but if the ball is supplied with a ground ball that is fast, it is easier for the defense to aim for a double play.


What is double play?

Getting two outs on one play. Also called Getzu

This tends to happen when you hit an infield grounder when the bases are occupied.

If you get three outs, it’s called a triple play.


What is double bass?

Use two bases, white and orange, on the first base.

By placing the white base in the fair zone and the orange base in the foul zone.

Prevent contact between runners and fielders




What is batting average?

The batter’s number of hits divided by the number of at-bats


What is change?

After getting 3 outs, the attacking and defending teams switch places.


What is a changeup?

A slow straight. By throwing slow pitches that are off-time to the batter, he aims to cause the batter to miss or lose.


What is a chip?

hitting the ball with the bat


What is slugging?

A hit with a double or higher

Refers to three hits: two base, three base, and home run.


What is slugging percentage?

Percentage of long hits


What is slugging power?

The power and ability to hit a ball bigger than a double or higher.


What is a fishing ball?

A ball that causes batters to whiff

Throwing a high pitched ball away from the strike zone to induce the batter to miss, etc.


What is DP?

A player who specializes in hitting is called a DP in softball.


What is Texas Hit?

A batted ball that rises weakly and falls into a fair zone with no fielders and becomes a hit.

Also called a pop hit


What is a dead ball?

A ball thrown by a pitcher that hits a batter who is not swinging the bat. Also called a hit ball

The batter who receives a dead ball advances to first base.

By the way, if the ball hits the batter’s body in the strike zone, it is not a dead ball but a strike.


What is the scoring zone?

A situation where there is a runner on base who can score with one hit.


What is triple play?

Getting three outs on one play

very rare play


What is a tunnel?

When a fielder is unable to catch a batted ball during defense, the ball passes under the crotch.

Embarrassing play for a baseball player


What is Donmai?

A shout of encouragement used when a player fails or loses a point

An abbreviation of the English word “don’t mind” and is widely used outside of baseball.


What is an interior angle?

Naikaku (inner corner) is a term used to refer to courses close to the batter.

On the other hand, the term used to refer to courses further away from the batter is the out course.


What is an infielder?

A player who is in a position to protect the infield.

Refers to first, second, short, third, pitcher, catcher.


What is an infield hit?

A ball hit into the infield becomes a hit.


What is nagashiuchi?

If you are a right-handed batter, move to the right (right direction)

If you are a left-handed batter, hit the ball to the left.


What is a missing ball?

A pitch thrown by a pitcher. The ball deviates significantly from the strike zone.


What is Next Batters Circle?

Where the next player in the batting order waits

A round circle is drawn in the next batter’s circle, and the next batter waits inside that circle.

(You don’t necessarily have to wait inside the circle.)


What is Nocon?

A term used to make fun of a pitcher who lacks ball control.

Abbreviation for no control


What is a no-hitter?

To win by pitching a complete game without allowing a single hit.

The difference from a perfect game is whether or not there is a hit-by-pitch (walk-by-pitch is not allowed in a perfect game, but a walk-by-pitch is allowed in a no-hitter).


What is a knock?

Basic defensive training

A practice in which a knocker hits a ball to a player and the fielder handles it.


What is elongation?

This refers to the quality of a straight ball, as a straight ball with a lot of elasticity requires less deceleration before the ball reaches the catcher.

From the batter’s perspective, the ball appears to be floating in his hand.

By throwing a ball that rotates vertically as much as possible and has as many rotations as possible, you can throw a straight ball that has an extension.


What is a half swing?

In batting, a swing that is stopped midway because it is determined to be a ball before the bat has fully swung.

A swing that is considered a swing and a strike is taken.


What is Perfect Game (Perfect Pitching)?

About a perfect match


What is Buster (Buster Hit)?

Batting method that changes from bunt stance to hitting


What is a passed ball?

About later. The catcher is unable to catch the pitcher’s ball and deflects it backwards.


What is back home?

A return ball to the catcher. A term used not only when an outfielder returns the ball to the catcher, but also when an infielder returns the ball to the catcher.


What is the batter’s box?

The place where the batter stands when batting


What is a battery?

refers to the pair of pitcher and catcher

Example) A well-matched battery


What is early firing?

When a batter hits with a fast count


What is a power hitter?

A batter who can be expected to hit for long distances or a batter who has long-hitting power.


What is bunt?

A play in which the bat is held horizontally and the aim is to hit the ball and make it roll.

In addition to bunts that simply advance the runner to the next base,

A safety bunt in which you aim for a hit, a push bunt in which you push the bat out and force the ball to roll, a squeeze bunt in which you aim for a runner on third base, etc.

There are various types of bunts


What is bunt shift?

A shift in which the third baseman and first baseman take forward defense in preparation for a bunt.


What is beanball?

A ball intentionally thrown by a pitcher towards the batter’s head. Also called a danger ball


What is a pitcher?

A player whose role is to throw the ball to the batter during defense.


What is pitcher return?

A batted ball that is aimed at the pitcher or a bat that is aimed at returning to the pitcher.


What does pulling mean?

If you are a right-handed batter, you should hit to the left (third direction), if you are a left-handed batter, you should hit to the right (first direction).

If you swing the bat in a pulling motion, the ball will fly in that direction.

If you hit in the opposite direction, it is called Nagashi-uchi.


What is a pinch hitter?

A pinch hitter is a pinch hitter.

A batter who replaces the batter who is standing at bat and stands at bat.

If a pinch hitter is sent, the previous batter’s count will be taken over.


What is Fine Play?

Refers to a great play such as handling a difficult ball or catching a ball that is difficult to catch and putting it out.

This is a word used when someone makes a great play or deed outside of baseball.


What is First?

Infielder position that protects the area around first base


What is a foul?

If the batter’s ball falls to the ground or enters the stands without entering the fair zone, it will be a foul.

In the case of 0 strikes or 1 strike, if you commit a foul, the strike count will be added by one.

If you have two strikes, no matter how many fouls you make, the strike count will not be added any further.


What is a fumble?

Bounce the ball while catching

If the ball is hit hard, it will not be judged as a mistake by the defender, and even if a fumble occurs, it will not be recorded as an error.


What is Fielding?

A series of defensive movements such as catching and throwing balls.

Good fielding means good defense.


What is Fielders Choice?

When a fielder makes a wrong choice while defending and fails to get any outs in a situation where he should have been able to get outs, this is called a fielder’s choice.


What is a fair?

The ball hit the fair zone


What is force out?

A fielder who has the ball throws it to the next base before the runner reaches the next base, making him out.

Example) If a player catches a batted ball while the runner is on 1st base, and throws the ball to 2nd base before the runner on 1st base reaches 2nd base, and the player who receives the ball touches the base before the runner. The runner on first base is forced out.


What is Four Ball?

About four balls

If the pitcher gives the batter four balls, the batter has the right to advance to first base.

If there is a runner on 1st base, the runner on 1st base advances to 2nd base.

If the bases are loaded and a four-ball is issued, the runner on third base will return home and score one point.


What is a hook?

If you are a right-handed batter, turn to the left, if you are a left-handed batter, turn to the right.


What is a push bunt?

A bunt in which the bat is pushed out to cause a strong ball to roll.

Roll the ball past the fielder who is running to handle the bunt.


What is a fly?

Refers to a ball hit high up.

It is often called 〇〇 fly depending on the place where it landed.

Example) Position name + fly, such as pitcher fly, catcher fly, and words such as infield fly and outfield fly.


What is free batting?

Unlike practice swings, we have students actually throw the ball.

batting practice to hit it


What is swing escape?

If you whiff or miss a strike with two strikes, or if the catcher is unable to catch the ball,

If the batter reaches first base before the fielder throws the ball to first base, he is not out.

According to this rule, reaching 1st base is called swinging away.


What is full count?

3 balls, 2 strikes situation


What is full base?

Bases loaded (a situation where runners are occupied from 1st to 3rd base)


What is a bullpen?

A pitching practice field where backup pitchers are on standby.


What is a double play?

About double play (getz)


What is head sliding?

Reach out toward the base and slide in head first.

There is a risk of injury to fingers, hands, and shoulders.

Some players dare not perform head sliding.


What is a curveball?

A ball thrown by a pitcher to a batter that changes its trajectory.


What is Home Base?

Judging strikes and balls

A base placed at the catcher’s position that a runner can touch to score points.

Also called home plate.


What is a ball?

Judgment given for not passing through the strike zone

If you give four balls to one batter, it will be a four ball.


What is defense rate?

The ratio of innings pitched by a pitcher to the number of runs scored.


What is a wild pitch?

The pitcher throws a ball that the catcher cannot catch.


What is botebote (botebote grounder)?

A batted ball (ground ball) that misses the center of the bat and rolls weakly is called a botebote or a botebote grounder.

When a fast batter hits a sloppy grounder, the infield hit often leaves first base safe.

To deal with a sloppy grounder, the infielder needs to dash forward, catch the ball, and quickly throw it to first base.


What is Potenhit?

A Texas hit is a fly that rises weakly and falls between the fielders, resulting in a hit.


What is a mound?

Refers to the pitching area where the pitcher throws. The ground of the mound is slightly raised.


What is a mask?

Protective masks worn by catchers and umpires on their faces.


What is bases loaded?

1st base, 2nd base, and 3rd base are filled with runners

Also called full base


What is meat?

Hitting the ball with the bat is called a hit.

Also, the ability to hit the ball with the bat is called contact power, and players with good contact power have fewer strikeouts and more hits.

“Keep in mind to hit the ball” means hitting the ball with the center of the bat with a compact swing, without swinging too far.


What is a fielder?

General term for defensive players

Sometimes it refers to the eight players excluding the pitcher, or the other seven players excluding the pitcher and catcher.


What is a shortstop?

About short hair


What is 4-6-3?

A double play when the ball goes to second.

This is because the ball is passed to players in order of jersey number: 4 (second), 6 (short), and 3 (first).

In the case of a double play when the ball goes short, it is called 6-4-3.


*In baseball, uniform numbers are often assigned in order of position.

1, pitcher

2, catcher

3, first

4, second

5, third

6, short

7, left

8, center

9, light


What is light?

A player in a position that protects the right side of the outfield as seen from the catcher.


What is a light line?

A ball hit to the right of right field as seen from the catcher.

Right field line edge refers to a ball that passes through the border between the right field fair zone and the foul zone.


What is a liner?

A ball hit with momentum that flies at a near-horizontal angle, rather than a fly ball.


What is line out?

When a runner deviates from the designated running path to avoid being touched out by a fielder.


What is the lineup?

Referring to the starting members and order, lineup is used to emphasize the batting order of the batters.


What is a brawl?

Players from both teams punching, kicking, or fighting.


What is a runner?

In baseball, a runner is a runner who reaches base.


What is a running home run?

A running home run is when a player who hits a hit runs to 1st, 2nd, and 3rd base, returns to home plate, and scores.


What is reentry?

In softball, starting members can re-enter the game even if they are substituted (limited to the players who substituted with themselves).

This is called reentry


What is release point?

The position where a pitcher releases the ball when pitching.


What is a relief pitcher?

A pitcher who is replaced after the pitcher leaves the game.

There are intermediate players, stoppers, one-point relievers, etc.


What is a base?

About the base

There are four bases: 1st base, 2nd base, 3rd base, and home base.


What is Legace?

About shin guards


What is left?

A player whose position protects the left side of the outfield as seen from the catcher.


What is the left line?

A ball hit to the left side of the field as seen from the catcher.

A ball hit just past the left field line is a ball that passes through the border between the fair zone and foul zone on the left side.


What is Rosinback?

A small bag containing non-slip white powder

Mainly used by pitchers


What is a long hit?

About slugging


What is Wild Pitch?

Allowing a runner to advance due to a pitcher’s wild pitch


What is a one-sided game?

Refers to a match in which there is a large point difference.


What is a one-handed throw?

To catch the ball with the throwing hand and then throw the ball without replenishing it with the glove.

Used for ground balls that roll without power.


What is One Point Relief?

Only one inning, one at-bat, etc.

A relief pitcher who makes one point for a very short period of time.






How did you like the softball glossary?


Softball has a strong impression of being a baseball game played by girls.

It’s perfect as a sport that can be easily taken up by working adults who are away from exercise.


However, it is a sport that requires a certain amount of practice if you want to take it seriously.

I want to join my school’s softball club! If you are thinking about this, please think about whether you will have enough time to practice.


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